Arnold J. Toynbee, A Study of History, Abridgement of Volumes I-VI By D. C. Somervell, Oxford University Press, 1947.
Charles Gray Shaw, Trends of Civilization and Culture, American Book, 1931, p-76
Dimitri Gutas, Greek Thought-Arabic Culture, The Graeco-Arabic translation movement in Baghdad and early Abbasid society, Routledge, London, 1999, p.185-88.
Draper, History of Intellectual Development of Europe.
George Sarton, A Guide to the History of Science : A First Guide for the Study of the History of Science, with Introductory Essays on Science and Tradition, Chronica Botanica, 1952.
Philip J. Adler, Randall L. Pouwels, World Civilizations, Thomas Learning Inc., High Holborn House, 50-51 Bedford Row, London, WCIR 4LR, UK, 2006.
Simon Murden, Culture in World Affairs in John Baylis & Steve Smith's The Globalization of World Politics, OUP, 2001.
Thomas Arnold & A. Guillaume, The Legacy of Islam, OUP, 1931.
Will Durant, The Age of Faith : A History of Medieval
Civilization Christian, Islamic, and Judaic--from Constantine to Dante :
A.D. 325-1300, Simon & Schuster, NY, 1950
Book Sponsorship Scheme: the Best Sadaqa-e-Jaria
Please pay 50 euro for annual sponsorship of this book.
Copyrights © 2021 Minhaj-ul-Quran International. All rights reserved