Fatima (S.A): The Great Daughter of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

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1. The Family of Fatimah (سلام اللہ عليھا) is the Ahl-ul-bait (People of the House)

1. عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يمر بباب فاطمة ستة أشهر إذا خرج إلى صلاة الفجر، يقول: الصلاة! يا أهل البيت: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا).

Ans bin Malik (RA) narrates that when the Holy Prophet (SAW) used to come out for Fajr (dawn) prayer, as he passed the door of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), he used to say, “O ‘people of the house’, perform your prayer” and then he used to recite the following verse from the Holy Quran: “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house’! (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,” [al-Ahzab 33:33] (he did this) for six months.

2. عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه في قوله: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ) قال: نزلت في خمسة: في رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم و علي و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين رضى الله عنهم.

Abu Saeed Khudri (RA) has said about the verse, “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house’!…”, that it was revealed in honour of the following five personalities: the Messenger of Allah (SAW), Ali (كرم الله وجهه), Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA).

2. The Family of Fatimah (سلام اللہ عليھا) are ‘the People of Kisaa’

3. عن صفية بنت شيبة، قالت: قالت عائشة رضي الله عنها: خرج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم غداة وعليه مرط مرحل من شعر أسود. فجاء الحسن بن علي فأدخله، ثم جاء الحسين  فدخل معه ثم جاءت فاطمة رضي الله عنها فأدخلها، ثم جاء علي فأدخله، ثم قال: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا).

Safiyyah the daughter of Shaybah narrates that Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) said, “The Holy Prophet (SAW) came out one morning wearing a cloak which had camel saddles woven on to it with black wool. Then Hasan bin Ali (RA) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) took him under the cloak, then Husain (RA) came and entered beneath it with the Holy Prophet (SAW). Then Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) took her under the cloak. Next Ali

(كرم الله وجهه) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) also included him beneath it. Then the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) recited the verse, ‘Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house!’ (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,’ (al-Ahzab 33:33).”

4. عن عمر بن أبي سلمة ربيب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: لما نزلت هذه الآية على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا) في بيت أم سلمة، فدعا فاطمة و حسنا و حسينا رضي الله عنهم فجللهم بكساء وعلي خلف ظهره فجلله بكساء، ثم قال: اللهم! هؤلاء أهل بيتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا.

Umar bin Abi Salamah (RA) who was brought up by the Prophet (SAW) narrates that when the verse, “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house!’ (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,” (al-Ahzab 33:33), was revealed to the Holy Prophet (SAW) at the home of Umm Salamah (رضي الله عنها), he (SAW) called Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) and covered them with a cloak. Ali

(كرم الله وجهه) was behind him (SAW), the Holy Prophet (SAW) also covered him under the same cloak and then said, “Oh Allah! These are my ahl-ul-bait (‘people of the house’) so keep impurity away from them and totally purify them.”

3. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women

5. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال وهو في مرضه الذي توفي فيه: يا فاطمة! ألا ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء العالمين وسيدة نساء هذه الأمة و سيدة نساء المؤمنين.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said during the illness in which he passed away, “Oh Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)! Are you not pleased with the fact that you are the leader of the women of all the worlds, the leader of the women of this ummah (nation) and the leader of the women of all the believers.”

6. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: أقبلت فاطمة تمشي كأن مشيتها مشي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: مرحبا بابنتي. ثم أجلسها عن يمينه أو عن شماله، ثم أسر إليها حديثا فبكت فقلت لها: لم تبكين؟ ثم أسر إليها حديثا فضحكت، فقلت: ما رأيت كاليوم فرحا أقرب من حزن، فسألتها عما قال، فقالت: ما كنت لأفشي سر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حتى قبض النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فسألتها، فقالت: أسر إلي: إن جبريل كان يعارضني القرآن كل سنة مرة، وإنه عارضني العام مرتين، ولا أراه إلا حضر أجلي، وإنك أول أهل بيتي لحاقا بي. فبكيت، فقال: أما ترضين، أن تكوني سيدة نساء أهل الجنة، أو نساء المؤمنين! فضحكت لذلك.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) came and her way of walking was just like that of the Holy Prophet (SAW). The Holy Prophet (SAW) welcomed his beloved daughter and seated her on his right hand side or on the left hand side*. Then he whispered something to her which made her cry. So I asked her why she was crying. Then the Holy Prophet (SAW) whispered something to her and she laughed. So I said, ‘I have never seen happiness so close to sadness as I have seen today.’ I asked (Fatimah [سلام الله عليها]), ‘What did the Holy Prophet (SAW) say?’ She replied, ‘I cannot disclose the secret of the Messenger of Allah (SAW).’ When the Holy Prophet (SAW) passed away I asked her again (about this incident) and she replied, ‘The Holy Prophet (SAW) whispered to me, ‘Every year Jibraeel recites the whole of the Quran with me once but this year he has recited it twice. I am sure that the end of my time in this world has come and indeed you are the first from my family who will come to me.’ This made me cry. Then the Holy Prophet (SAW) whispered, ‘Are you not happy with the fact that you are the leader of the women of Paradise or the leader of all Muslim women*.’ To this I laughed.’”

7. عن مسروق: حدثتني عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها، قالت: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا فاطمة! ألا ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء المؤمنين، أو سيدة نساء هذه الأمة!

Masruq narrates from the Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Fatimah, are you not happy that you are the leader of the women of all the believers or the leader of the women of this ummah.*”

8. عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إن ملكا من السماء لم يكن زارني، فاستأذن الله في زيارتي، فبشرني أو أخبرني: أن فاطمة سيدة نساء أمتي.

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “An angel in the skies who had not seen me requested permission from Allah (SWT) to see me (which he was granted); he told me the good news or brought me the news* that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women in my nation.”

4. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of women in Paradise

9. عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن هذا ملك لم ينزل الأرض قط قبل هذه الليلة استأذن ربه أن يسلم عليّ و يبشّرني بأن فاطمة سيدة نساء أهل الجنة، وأن الحسن والحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة.

Hudhaifah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “There is an angel who before tonight had never come down to earth, asked permission from his Lord to offer slam (salutations) to me and to deliver the good news to me that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women of Paradise and Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) are the leaders of all the youngsters in Paradise.”

10. عن علي ابن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لفاطمة رضي الله عنها: ألا ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء أهل الجنة و ابناك سيدا شباب أهل الجنة.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه), the son of Abu Talib, narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “Are you not happy that you are the leader of all women in Paradise and both of your sons are leaders of all youth in Paradise.”

11. عن بن عباس رضي الله عنه، قال: خط رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في الأرض أربعة خطوط. قال: تدرون ما هذا؟ فقالوا: الله و رسوله أعلم. فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أفضل نساء أهل الجنة: خديجة بنت خويلد، و فاطمة بنت محمد، و آسية بنت مزاحم امرأة فرعون، و مريم ابنة عمران رضي الله عنهن اجمعين.

Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) drew four lines in the ground and asked, “Do you know what this is?” The companions replied, “Allah (SWT) and His Messenger (SAW) know better.” Then the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “From the women of Paradise four are superior to others: Khadijah the daughter of Khuwaylid, Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad, Asiyah the daughter of Mazahim the wife of Pharaoh and Maryam the daughter of Imran (RA).”

12. عن صالح قال: قالت عائشة لفاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ألا أبشرك أني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: سيدات أهل الجنة أربع: مريم بنت عمران، و فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم، خديجة بنت خويلد، و آسية أمرأة فرعون.

Salih (RA) narrates that Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) said to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “Shall I not tell you some good news? I have heard the Holy Prophet (SAW) say that only four women are the leaders of the women of Paradise: Maryam bint Imran, Fatimah bint Messenger of Allah (SAW), Khadijah bint Khuwaylid and Pharaoh’s wife, Asiyah.”

5. Allah (SWT) has forbidden Hell Fire for Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) and her family

13. عن بن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لفاطمة رضي الله عنها: إن الله غير معذبك ولا ولدك.

Abdullah bin Abbas (رضي الله عنهما) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “Allah (SWT) will not punish you and your children.”

14. عن عبد الله بن مسعود رضي الله عنهما قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن فاطمة حصنت فرجها فحرمها الله و ذريتها على النار.

Abdullah bin Masud (رضي الله عنهما) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Indeed Fatimah has protected her honour and purity in such a way that Allah has protected her and her children from the Fire.”

15. عن جابر بن عبد الله رضي الله عنهما قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنما سميت بنتي فاطمة لأن الله عزوجل فطمها و فطم محبيها عن النار.

Jabir (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “My daughter was named Fatimah because Allah (SWT) has totally separated her and those who love her from the Fire.”

6. The mother of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the best of all women

16. عن عبد الله بن جعفر، قال سمعت علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه يقول: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: خير نسائها خديجة بنت خويلد، و خير نسائها مريم بنت عمران.

Abdullah bin Jafar (RA) narrates that he heard Ali (كرم الله وجهه) say that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “The most superior woman from the women of her time was Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (RA) and the most superior woman from the women of her time was Maryam bint Imran.”

17. عن عبد الله بن جعفر، سمعت عليا رضي الله عنه بالكوفة، يقول: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: خير نسائها مريم بنت عمران، و خير نسائها خديجة بنت خويلد.

قال أبو كريب: و أشار وكيع إلى السماء والأرض.

Abdullah bin Jafar narrates that he heard Ali (كرم الله وجهه) say in Kufah that he heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say that Maryam bint Imran and Khadijah bint Khuwaylid are better than all women (in the heavens and on earth).

The narrator, Abu Kuraib, states that (whilst narrating this tradition) Waki pointed towards the ground and the skies.

7. “Fatimah! My mother and father be sacrificed for you”

18. عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما: أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا سافر كان آخر الناس عهدا به فاطمة، و إذا قدم من سفر كان أول الناس به عهدا فاطمة رضي الله عنها. فقال لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: فداك أبي و أمي.

Abdullah bin Umar (RA) narrates that whenever the Holy Prophet (SAW) went on a journey, the last person he would speak to from his (SAW) family before setting off would be Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا). When he (SAW) returned from a journey, the first person the Holy Prophet (SAW) would come to would be Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) and the Messenger of Allah (SAW) would say to her (سلام اللہ علیھا), “(Oh Fatimah!) My mother and father be sacrificed for you.”

19. عن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه: أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لفاطمة: فداك أبي و أمي.

Umar bin Khattab (RA) (also) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) used to say to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “(Oh Fatimah!) My mother and father be sacrificed for you.”

8. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), a part of the Prophet (SAW)

20. عن المسور بن مخرمة: رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: فاطمة بضعة مني، فمن أغضبها أغضبني.

Miswar bin Makhramah (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Fatimah is a part of me. Therefore, whosoever angers her angers me.”

21. عن محمد بن علي قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنما فاطمة بضعة مني، فمن أغضبها أغضبني.

Muhammad bin Ali narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Indeed Fatimah is a part of me. Hence, whosoever angers her angers me.”

22. عن علي رضي الله عنه أنه كان عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقال: أي شيء خير للمرأة؟ فسكتوا، فلما رجعت قلت لفاطمة: أي شيء خير للنساء؟ قالت ألا يراهن الرجال. فذكرت ذلك للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: إنما فاطمة بضعة مني.

Ali (RA) narrates, “He was present in the company of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) when the Holy Prophet (SAW) asked, ‘What is best for a woman’ on this the companions remained quiet. When I returned home I asked Fatimah, ‘Tell me what is best for a woman?’ Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) replied, ‘It is best for a woman that no men (i.e. outside of one’s immediate family: brothers, father, uncle, husband, sons) see her.’ I mentioned this to the Holy Prophet (SAW) and he (SAW) said, ‘Indeed Fatimah is a part of me.’”

9. The Holy Prophet (SAW) used to stand up for Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)

23. عن عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها قالت: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا رآها قد أقبلت رحب بها، ثم قام إليها فقبلها، ثم أخذ بيدها فجاء بها حتى يجلسها في مكانه: و كانت إذا رأت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم رحبت به، ثم قامت إليه فقبلته صلى الله عليه وسلم.

The Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates that when the Holy Prophet (SAW) used to see Fatimah coming he would welcome her, then he (SAW) would stand up for her, kiss her, bring her inside by holding her hand and seat her in his (SAW) own place. Whenever Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) saw the Holy Prophet (SAW) arrive, she used to welcome him (SAW), stand up for him (SAW) and kiss the Holy Prophet (SAW).

24. عن أم المؤمنين عائشة رضي الله عنها أنها قالت: كانت [فاطمة] إذا دخلت عليه صلى الله عليه وسلم رحب بها وقام إليها فأخذ بيدها فقبلها و أجلسها في مجلسه.

The Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates that when Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) used to arrive in the presence of the Holy Prophet (SAW), he (SAW) used to welcome her by standing up and used to hold her hand and kiss it then seat her where he (SAW) was sitting.

25. عن عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها قالت: كانت فاطمة إذا دخلت عليه صلى الله عليه وسلم قام إليها فقبلها و رحب بها و أخذ بيدها، فأجلسها في مجلسه، و كانت هي إذا دخل عليها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قامت إليه مستقبلة و قبلت يده.

The Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates that when Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) used to visit the Holy Prophet (SAW), he used to stand up to welcome her, kiss her and by holding her hand used to seat her where he (SAW) was sitting. When the Holy Prophet (SAW) visited Fatimah’s (سلام اللہ علیھا) house, she (سلام اللہ علیھا), in welcoming the Holy Prophet (SAW), used to stand up and kiss the blessed hand of the Holy Prophet (SAW).

10. The Holy Prophet (SAW) laid out his cloak for Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)

26. عن علي رضي الله عنه أنه دخل على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم و قد بسط شملة، فجلس عليها هو و فاطمة و علي و الحسن و الحسين، ثم أخذ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بمجامعه فعقد عليهم، ثم قال: اللهم ارض عنهم كما أنا عنهم راض.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates that he arrived in the company of the Holy Prophet (SAW) and the Holy Prophet A) had already laid out a cloak. The Holy Prophet (SAW), Ali

(كرم الله وجهه), Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) sat on it. Then the Holy Prophet (SAW) got hold of the corners of the cloak, placed the corners over them and tied a knot. Then he (SAW) said, “Oh Allah, be satisfied with them in the same manner as I am pleased with them.”

11. The journey of the Holy Prophet (SAW) started and ended at the house of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)

27. عن ثوبان مولى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا سافر كان آخر عهده بإنسان من أهله فاطمة، و أول من يدخل عليها إذا قدم فاطمة.

Thawban (RA), the Slave* of the Messenger of Allah (SAW), narrates that whenever the Holy Prophet (SAW) intended to go on a journey, the last person he would speak to from his (SAW) family before setting off would be Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا). Once he (SAW) returned from a journey, the first person the Holy Prophet (SAW) would come to would be Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا).

28. عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما: أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان إذا سافر كان آخر الناس عهدا به فاطمة، و إذا قدم من سفر كان أول الناس به عهدا فاطمة رضي الله عنها. فقال لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: فداك أبي و أمي.

Abdullah bin Umar (RA) narrates that when the Holy Prophet (SAW) set out on a journey, the last person he would speak to from his (SAW) family before setting off would be Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا). Once he (SAW) returned from a journey, the first person the Holy Prophet (SAW) would come to would be Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) and he (SAW) would say to her (سلام اللہ علیھا), “(Oh Fatimah!) My mother and father be sacrificed for you.”

29. عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا قدم من سفر قبل إبنته فاطمة.

Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) narrates that when the Holy Prophet (SAW) returned from a journey, he (SAW) used to kiss his daughter Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا).

12. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا): the centre of love for the Holy Prophet (SAW) on earth

30. عن جُمَيع بن عُمير التيمي، قال: دخلت مع عمتي على عائشة، فسئلت أي الناس كان أحب إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم؟ قالت: فاطمة، فقيل: من الرجال؟ قالت: زوجها، إن كان ما علمت صواما قواما.

Jumai bin Umair Taymi (RA) narrates that he visited Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) in the company of his paternal aunt and asked her, “Who was the most beloved to the Holy Prophet (SAW)?” The Mother of the Believers (رضي الله عنها) replied, “Fatimah.” “And who from among the men?” she was asked again. She replied, “Her husband. As far as I know he fasts a great deal and he often stays awake at length during nights in order to worship Allah (SWT).”

31. عن ابن بريدة، عن أبيه، قال: كان أحب النساء إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فاطمة و من الرجال علي.

Buraidah (RA) narrates that from women Fatimah was the most beloved to the Holy Prophet (SAW) and from the men Ali (كرم الله وجهه) was most dear to him (SAW).

32. عن أبي سلمة بن عبد الرحمن، قال أخبرني أسامة بن زيد، قال: كنت جالسا إذ جاء علي و العباس رضي الله عنهما يستأذنان، فقالا: يا أسامةَ! استأذن لنا على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقلت: يا رسول الله! علي و العباس يستأذنان، فقال: أتدري، ما جاء بهما؟ قلت: لا، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لكني أدري، فأذن لهما، فدخلا، فقالا: يا رسول الله! جئناك نسألك أي أهلك أحب إليك؟ قال: فاطمة بنت محمد.

Abu Salamah bin Abd-ur-Rahman (RA) narrates that Usamah bin Zaid (RA) told him, “I was sitting when Ali

(كرم الله وجهه) and Abbas (RA) came to seek permission and said, ‘Usama, request permission from the Holy Prophet (SAW) for us to enter.’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Ali and Abbas request permission to enter.’ The Holy Prophet (SAW) said, ‘Do you know why they have come?’ ‘No,’ I replied. He (SAW) said, ‘But I know. Let them in.’ Both gentlemen entered and they said, ‘Oh Messenger of Allah! We have come to you to ask you that who from ‘the people of your house’ is most beloved to you.’ The Holy Prophet (SAW) replied, ‘Fatimah daughter of Muhammad.’”

33. عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه، قال: قال علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه: يا رسول الله! أيما أحب إليك: أنا أم فاطمة؟ قال: فاطمة أحب إلي منك، وأنت أعز علي منها.

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates Ali (كرم الله وجهه) asked the Holy Prophet (SAW), “Oh Messenger of Allah(SAW), who is more beloved to you from Fatimah and me?” The Holy Prophet (SAW) replied, “Fatimah is more beloved to me than you are and you are dearer to me than she is.”

34. عن بن أبي نجيح عن أبيه، قال: أخبرني من سمع عليا رضي الله عنه على منبر الكوفة يقول: دخل علينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فجلس عند رؤوسنا فدعا بإناء فيه ماء فأتي به فدعا فيه بالبركة ثم رشه علينا، فقلت: يا رسول الله! أنا أحب إليك أم هي؟ قال: هي أحب الي منك و أنت أعز علي منها.

Ibn Abu Najeeh narrated from his father that the person who told him had heard Ali (كرم الله وجهه) say on the pulpit in Kufah, “The Holy Prophet (SAW) came to our house and sat with us beside the cushions and asked for water in a container. It was brought to him and he (SAW) performed a prayer on it for blessings and sprinkled this water upon us. I asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah (SAW), do you have more love for me or for Fatimah?’ The Prophet A replied, ‘She is more beloved to me than you and you are more honourable to me than she is.’”

13. Nobody’s habits resembled more to the Holy Prophet (SAW)

35. عن عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها، قالت: ما رأيت أحدا أشبه سمتا و دلا و هديا برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في قيامها و قعودها من فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم.

The Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “I have not seen anyone who resembled the Holy Prophet (SAW) more in manners, habits, character and in the method of sitting and standing than Fatimah the daughter of the Messenger of Allah.”

36. عن عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها، قالت: ما رأيت أحدا من الناس كان أشبه بالنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كلاما ولا حديثا ولا جلسة من فاطمة.

The Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “I have not seen anyone from the people who bears closer resemblance to the Prophet (SAW) in talking and sitting than Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا).”

37. عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه، قال: لم يكن أحد أشبه برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من الحسن بن علي، و فاطمة صلوات الله عليهم أجمعين.

Ans bin Malik narrates that nobody showed more resemblance to the Holy Prophet (SAW) than Hasan bin Ali (RA) and Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا).

38. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: اجتمع نساء النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، فلم يغادر منهن امرأة، فجاءت فاطمة تمشي كان مشيتها مشية رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقال: مرحبا بابنتي: فأجلسها عن يمينه أو عن شماله.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “All of the wives of Holy Prophet (SAW) were present and no one from among them was absent when Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), whose style of walking was exactly like the walking of the Holy Prophet (SAW), came. The Prophet (SAW) said, ‘Welcome my daughter,’ and then seated her on his right side or on his left side.”

39. عن مسروق: حدثتني عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها، قالت: إنا كنا أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عنده جميعا، لم تغادر منا واحدة، فأقبلت فاطمة عليها السلام تمشي، ولا والله ما تخفى مشيتها من مشية رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم.

Masruq (RA) narrates that the Mother of the Believers, Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrated to him, “We, the wives of the Holy Prophet (SAW), were all with him (SAW) and none of us were absent when Fatimah came. I swear by Allah that her style of walking was in no way different to that of the Holy Prophet (SAW).”

14. The pleasure of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the pleasure of the Holy Prophet (SAW)

40. عن المسور بن مخرمة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنما فاطمة شجنة مني يبسطني ما يبسطها و يقبضني ما يقبضها.

Miswar bin Makhramah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Indeed, Fatimah is my fruitful branch; whatever makes her happy also makes me happy. Whatever hurts her hurts me.”

41. عن سعيد بن أبان القرشي، قال: دخل عبد الله بن حسن بن حسن بن علي بن أبي طالب على عمر بن عبد العزيز، وهوحدث السن وله وفرة، فرفع عمر مجلسه و أقبل عليه، وقضى حوائجه، ثم أخذ عكنة من عُكنِه‘ فغمزها حتى أوجعه، وقال: اذكرها عندك للشفاعة. فلما خرج لامه قومه و قالوا: فعلت هذا بغلام حدث! فقال: إن الثقة حدثني حتى كأني أسمعه من فيّ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنما فاطمة بضعة مني، يسرني ما يسرها. وأنا أعلم أن فاطمة رضي الله عنها لو كانت حية، لسرها ما فعلت بإبنها. قالوا: فما معنى غمزك بطنه، و قولك ما قلت؟ قال: إنه ليس أحد من بني هاشم إلا وله شفاعة، فرجوت أن أكون في شفاعة هذا.

Saeed bin Aban Qarshi narrates that Abdullah bin Hasan bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib (RA), who was still a young boy with his hair reaching his ears, went to Umar bin Abd-ul-Aziz (RA). (On his arrival) Umar bin Abd-ul-Aziz (RA) concluded his meeting and welcomed his guest and fulfilled his needs. He then pressed the stomach of the boy to the extent that the boy felt some pain. Umar bin Abd-ul-Aziz said, “(On the Day of Judgement) at the time of intercession remember this.” On the departure of the boy, the people taunted Umar bin Abd-ul-Aziz and said, “You showed so much respect to a young boy?” On this Umar bin Abd-ul-Aziz said, “I have heard a saying of the Holy Prophet (SAW) from an authentic narrator; it is as though I have heard it directly from the Messenger of Allah (SAW) (saying), ‘Indeed, Fatimah is a part of me and whatever pleases her pleases me.’” (Umar bin Umar bin Abd-ul-Aziz then added), “I am sure that if Fatimah

(سلام اللہ علیھا) was alive today, she would be happy at the way I treated her son.” Then the people asked, “What is the meaning of your squeezing the boy’s stomach and what did you mean by the word that you said?” To this Umar bin Abd-ul-Aziz replied, “There is not a single person from the clan of Bani Hashim who has not been given the power to intercede. I just wanted to earn the right to the boy’s intercession.”

15. Whoever angers Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) angers the Messenger of Allah (SAW)

42. عن المسور بن مخرمة رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: فاطمة بضعة منى، فمن أغضبها أغضبنى.

Miswar bin Makhramah narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Fatimah is a part of me so whoever angers her angers me.”

16. The pleasure of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the pleasure of Allah (SWT)

43. عن علي رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لفاطمة: إن الله يغضب لغضبك، و يرضى لرضاك.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “Indeed Allah becomes angry when you are angry and He is pleased when you are pleased.”

17. Whoever hurts Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) hurts the Holy Prophet (SAW)

44. عن المسور بن مخرمة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنما فاطمة بضعة منى، يؤذينى ما آذاها.

Miswar bin Makhramah narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Fatimah is a part of me. Whatever hurts her hurts me.”

45. عن عبد الله بن الزبير رضي الله عنهما، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنما فاطمة بضعة منى، يؤذينى ما آذاها، و ينصبنى ما أنصبها.

Abdullah bin Zubair narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Fatimah is a part of me. Whatever hurts her hurts me and whatever puts her in difficulty puts me in difficulty.”

46. عن أبي حنظلة رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنما فاطمة بضعة منى، فمن آذاها فقد آذنى.

Abu Hanzalah (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Indeed, Fatimah is a part of my body. Whoever hurts her hurts me.”

18. The enemy of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the enemy of the Holy Prophet (SAW)

47. عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه، أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لعلي و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين رضي الله عنهم: أنا حرب لمن حاربتم، و سلم لمن سالمتم.

Zaid bin Arqam (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah said to Ali (كرم الله وجهه), Fatimah, Hasan and Husain (RA), “I will fight against whoever fights against you and I will make peace with whoever makes peace with you.”

48. عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لفاطمة و الحسن و الحسين: أنا حرب لمن حاربكم و سلم لمن سالمكم.

Zaid bin Arqam (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said to Fatimah, Hasan and Husain (RA), “Whoever fights against you, I will fight against them and I will make peace with whomever you make peace.”

49. عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: نظر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى علي و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين، فقال: أنا حرب لمن حاربكم و سلم لمن سالمكم.

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) looked at Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husain and said, “Whoever goes to war against you, I will declare war on him. Whoever makes peace with you, I will make peace with him (i.e. whoever is your enemy is my enemy and whoever is your friend is my friend).”

19. The enemy of the family of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is a hypocrite, cursed and bound for Hell

50. عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه, قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من أبغضنا أهل البيت فهو منافق.

Abu Saeed Khudri (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Whoever holds hatred against us the ‘people of the house’ is a hypocrite.”

51. عن زر قال: قال علي رضي الله عنه: لا يحبنا منافق و لا يبغضنا مؤمن.

Zirr narrates that Ali (كرم الله وجهه) said, “A hypocrite does not love us and a believer does not hate us.”

52. عن جابر بن عبد الله الانصاري رضي الله عنهما قال: خطبنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو يقول: أيها الناس! من أبغضنا أهل البيت حشره الله يوم القيامة يهوديا. فقلت: يا رسول الله صلى الله عليك وسلم! و إن صام وصلى؟ قال: وإن صام و صلى.

Jabir bin Abdullah narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) delivered a sermon to us during which he (SAW) was saying, “Whoever holds enmity against us the ‘people of the house’, on the Day of Judgement his fate will be that of the Jews.” I asked, “O Messenger of Allah (SAW), even if he fasts and performs prayer?” The Holy Prophet (SAW) replied, “Yes! Even if he fasts and performs prayer (because he is the enemy of the ‘people of the house’, Allah (SWT) will reject his worship and raise him on the Day of Judgement with the Jews).”

53. عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: والذي نفسي بيده! لا يبغضنا أهل البيت أحد إلا أدخله الله النار.

Abu Saeed Khudri (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “I swear by the Lord in whose hands my life is in! Whoever has hatred for us the ‘people of the house’, Allah (SWT) will send him to Hell.”

54. عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: لو أن رجلا صف بين الركن و المقام، فصلى و صام، ثم لقى الله وهو مبغض لأهل بيت محمد دخل النار.

Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SWT) said, “Even if anybody performs prayer between Rukn Yamani and Maqam Ibrahim and he (also) fasts, he then dies, having hatred for the ahl-ul-bait (the people of the house) of Muhammad, he will go to the Fire.”

55. عن معاوية بن حديج، عن الحسن بن علي رضي الله عنهما، أنه قال له: يا معاوية بن حديج! إياك و بغضنا، فإن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: لا يبغضنا و لا يحسدنا أحد إلا ذيد عن الحوض يوم القيامة بسياط من نار.

Muawiyah bin Hudeej narrates that Hasan bin Ali (RA) said, “Oh Muawiyah bin Hudeej! Refrain from having hatred against us because the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, ‘There is not a single person who has hatred and jealousy for us, who will not be whipped away by fire at the Kauther (Pond) on the Day of Judgement.’”

20. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) beholder of the secret of the Messenger of Allah (SAW)

56. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: اجتمع نساء النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، فلم يغادر منهن امرأة، فجاءت فاطمة تمشي كأن مشيتها مشية رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقال: مرحبا بابنتي. فأجلسها عن يمينه أو عن شماله‘ ثم إنه اسر إليها حديثا فبكت فاطمة، ثم انه سارها فضحكت أيضا، فقلت لها: ما يبكيك؟ فقالت: ما كنت لأفشي سر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم. فقلت: ما رأيت كاليوم فرحا أقرب من حزن. فقلت لها حين بكت: أخصك رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بحديثه دوننا ثم تبكين؟ وسألتها عما قال، فقالت: ما كنت لأفشىَ سر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم. حتى إذا قبض سألتها، فقالت: إنه كان حدثنى أن جبريل كان يعارضه بالقرآن كل عام مرة، و إنه عارضه به في العام مرتين، ولا أراني إلا قد حضر أجلي، و إنك أول أهلي لحوقا بي، ونعم السلف أنا لك. فبكيت لذلك. ثم انه سارني، فقال: ألا ترضين أن تكونيسيدة نساء المؤمنين، أو سيدة نساء هذه الأمة. فضحكت لذلك.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “All the wives of the Holy Prophet (SAW) were present and no one was absent when Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), whose way of walking was just like the Holy Prophet (SAW), came. The Holy Prophet (SAW) said, ‘welcome my daughter’ and seated her on his right or left side. Then he quietly whispered something into her ear because of which Fatimah started to cry. The Holy Prophet (SAW) again whispered something into her ear upon which she then laughed. I asked her (سلام اللہ علیھا), ‘What made you cry?’ She replied, ‘I will not disclose the secret of the Messenger of Allah (SAW).’ I said, ‘I have never seen happiness so close to sadness as was the case today.’ Then I said, ‘The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said something to you specifically without telling us yet you are crying.’ I asked Fatimah, ‘What did the Holy Prophet (SAW) say?’ Fatimah replied, ‘I cannot disclose the secret of the Messenger of Allah (SAW).’ When the Holy Prophet (SAW) passed away, I asked her again and she replied, ‘The Holy Prophet (SAW) whispered to me that every year Jibraeel recited the Quran with him once but this year he has recited it with him twice. (She said that the Prophet (SAW) said) I am sure that the time of my passing away is near and indeed you are the first from my family who will meet me and I am the best forerunner for you. To this I cried. Then the Holy Prophet (SAW) whispered, ‘Are you not happy with the fact that you are the leader of all Muslim women or the leader of the women of this ummah (nation).’ To this I laughed.’”

57. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: دعا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فاطمة ابنته في شَكْواه الذي قبض فيها، فسارها بشيء فبكت، ثم دعاها فسارها فضحكت، قالت: فسألتها عن ذلك، فقالت: سارني النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فأخبرني: أنه يقبض في وَجَعه الذي توفي فيه، فبكيت، ثم سارني فأخبرني: أني أول أهل بيته، أتبعه فضحكت.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “During his illness in which he passed away the Holy Prophet (SAW) called for Fatimah and whispered something to her. Upon this she began to cry. Then he (SAW) called her nearer and whispered something to her and she laughed.” Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) then says, “I asked Fatimah regarding that incident and Fatimah said, ‘The Holy Prophet (SAW) said into my ear that He (SAW) would pass away due to this illness. Thus I began to cry. Then he (SAW) whispered and told me that from the ‘people of the house’ I will be the first to come after him. To this I laughed.’”

58. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: بينما أنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في بيت يلاعبنى و ألاعبه إذ دخلت علينا فاطمة، فأخذ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بيدها فأقعدها خلفه و ناجاها بشيء لا أدري ما هو، فنظرت إلى فاطمة تبكى، ثم أقبل إلي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فحدثنى ولا عبنى، ثم أقبل عليها فلاعبها و ناجاها بشيء فنظرت إلى فاطمة و إذا هي تضحك، فقام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فخرج، فقلت لفاطمة: ما الذي ناجاك به رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم؟ قالت: ليس كلاما أسر إلي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أخبرك به، قلت: أذكرك الله و الرحم، قالت: أخبرني: أنه مقبوض قد حضر أجله، فبكيت لفراق رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، ثم أقبل إلي فناجاني: أني أول من يلحق به من أهل بيته‘ فضحكت للقاء رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “I was at home with the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and we were in a humorous mood with each other when Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) came in. The Holy Prophet (SAW) took hold of her hand and seated her behind him and whispered something to her. I do not know what was whispered. Then I looked at Fatimah

(سلام اللہ علیھا) and she was crying. Then the Holy Prophet (SAW) turned his attention to me and he talked and joked with me. The Holy Prophet (SAW) then turned towards Fatimah, joked with her and whispered something to her. When I looked at Fatimah I noticed that she (سلام اللہ علیھا) was laughing. When the Holy Prophet (SAW) got up and went outside, I asked Fatimah, ‘What did the Messenger of Allah (SAW) whisper to you?’ She replied, ‘Whatever the Messenger of Allah (SAW) whispered to me, I will not tell you about it.’ I said, ‘For the sake of Allah and my close relation to you (please tell me).’ Then she said, ‘The Messenger of Allah (SAW) told me that the time of his passing away has come near. The very thought of separation from the Messenger of Allah (SAW) made me cry. Then he (SAW) turned to me and whispered that from the ‘people of the house’ I will be the first who will meet him again. In anticipation of meeting him, I laughed.’”

21. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the fruitful branch of the tree of Prophethood

59. عن المسور رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: فاطمة شجنة منى يبسطنى ما بسطها و يقبضنى ما قبضها.

Miswar (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Fatimah is my fruitful branch, I am pleased with what pleases her and I am troubled by whatever troubles her.”

60. عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما رفعه: أنا شجرة، و فاطمة حملها، و علي لقاحها، و الحسن و الحسين ثمرها، و المحبون أهل البيت ورقها من الجنة حقـاً حقـاً.

Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) narrates this marfu tradition in which the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “I am a tree, Fatimah is its branch, Ali is its flower, Hasan and Husain are its fruit and the lovers of the ‘people of the house’ are its leaves. All of them will be in Paradise. This is the truth, this is the truth.”

22. The Prophet (SAW) himself is a witness to the chastity and honour of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)

61. عن عبد الله قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن فاطمة أحصنت فرجها، فحرم الله ذريتها على النار.

Abdullah bin Masud (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Fatimah has protected her honour and purity in such a way that Allah (SWT) has forbidden the Fire for her children.”

62. عن عبد الله رضى الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن فاطمة حصنت فرجها و إن الله عزوجل أدخلها بإحصان فرجها و ذريتها الجنة.

Abdullah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Fatimah has protected her honour and chastity in such a way that Allah (SWT) has entered her and her family into Paradise because of her protecting her honour and chastity.”

23. Allah (SWT) ordained the marriage of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) to Ali (كرم الله وجهه)

63. عن عبد الله بن مسعود رضي الله عنهما، عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، قال: إن الله أمرني أن أزوج فاطمة من علي.

Abdullah bin Masud (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Allah (SWT) has ordered me to arrange Fatimah’s (سلام اللہ علیھا) marriage with Ali (كرم الله وجهه).”

64. قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا أنس! أتدرى ما جاءنى به جبريل من صاحب العرش؟ قال: إن الله أمرني أن أزوج فاطمة من علي.

The Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Oh Ans! Do you know what message Jibraeel has brought from the Owner of the Throne?” Then he (SAW) said, “Allah (SWT) has ordered me to arrange Fatimah’s (سلام اللہ علیھا) marriage with Ali (كرم الله وجهه).”

24. Fatimah’s (سلام اللہ علیھا) marriage ceremony at the Upper Heavens with the participation of forty thousand angels

65. عن أنس رضي الله عنه، قال: بينما رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في المسجد، إذ قال لعلي: هذا جبريل يخبرني أن الله عزوجل زوجك فاطمة، و أشهد على تزويجك أربعين ألف ملك، و أوحى إلى شجرة طوبى أن أنثرى عليهم الدر و الياقوت، فنثرت عليهم الدر و الياقوت، فابتدرت إليه الحور العين يلتقطن في أطباق الدر و الياقوت، فهم يتهادونه بينهم إلى يوم القيامة.

Ans bin Malik (RA) narrates that when the Messenger of Allah (SAW) was in the mosque, he said to Ali (كرم الله وجهه), “This is Jibraeel who is telling me that Allah (SWT) has performed your marriage ceremony to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) in the presence of forty thousand angels as witnesses to the marriage ceremony. He (SWT) said to the tree of tuba (blessing) to rain pearls and rubies on them. The tree showered them with pearls and rubies. Then women with beautiful eyes gathered the pearls and rubies in trays which the angels (present in the ceremony) will present to each other as gifts until the Day of Judgement.”

66. عن علي رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أتاني ملك، فقال: يا محمد! إن الله تعالى يقرأ عليك السلام، و يقول لك: إني قد زوجت فاطمة ابنتك من علي بن أبي طالب في الملأ الأعلى، فزوجها منه في الأرض.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “An angel came to me and said: Oh Muhammad, Allah (SWT) sends peace upon you and says, ‘I have had your daughter married to Ali bin Abu Talib in the Upper Heavens and now you also arrange the marriage ceremony of Fatimah with Ali on earth.’”

25. Prayers of the Holy Prophet (SAW) for Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) and her descendants

67. عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه، قال: دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لفاطمة اللهم!َ إني أعيذها بك و ذريتها من الشيطن الرجيم.

Ans bin Malik (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) performed a special prayer for Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “Oh Allah! I seek your protection for her and her children from the rejected Devil.”

68. عن بريدة رضي الله عنه، قال: فلما كان ليلة البناء قال: يا علي! لا تحدث شيئا حتى تلقانى، فدعا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بماء فتوضأ منه ثم أفرغه على عليّ، فقال: اللهم! بارك فيهما و بارك عليهما و بارك لهما في شبلهما.
و فى رواية عنه: و بارك لهما فى نسلهما.

Buraidah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW), on the night of Ali (كرم الله وجهه) and Fatimah’s (سلام اللہ علیھا) wedding, said to Ali (كرم الله وجهه), “Do not do anything without consulting me.” Then he (SAW) asked for water and performed ablution. He (SAW) then sprinkled the remaining water on Ali (كرم الله وجهه) and said, “Oh Allah! Bless their relationship, shower them with blessings and bless both of them regarding their children.”

In another narration also narrated by Buraidah (RA) the words are: “Bless both of them regarding their coming generations.”

26. Ali (كرم الله وجهه) was not allowed to marry again during the lifetime of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)

69. أن المسور بن مخرمة رضي الله عنه حدثه، أنه سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على المنبر، وهو يقول: إن بني هشام بن المغيرة استأذنوني أن ينكحوا ابنتهم علي بن أبي طالب، فلا آذن لهم، ثم لا آذن لهم، ثم لا آذن لهم..... وقال صلى الله عليه وسلم: فإنما ابنتى بضعة منى، يريبنى ما رابها و يؤذيني ما آذاها.

Miswar bin Makhramah narrates that he heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say on the pulpit, “Banu Hashim bin Mughirah have sought my permission for Ali to marry their daughter. I do not permit them, again I do not permit them and again I do not permit them.”… The Holy Prophet (SAW) then said, “My daughter is a part of me, whatever disturbs her disturbs me and whatever gives her pain gives me pain.”

70. أن المسور بن مخرمة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن فاطمة بضعة منى، وإني أكره أن يسوءها، والله لا تجتمع بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم و بنت عدو الله عند رجل واحد.

Miswar bin Makhramah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Fatimah is a part of me and I do not like anyone making her sad. I swear by Allah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and the daughter of the enemy of Allah cannot be together with one man.”

27. Fatimah’s sons the inheritors of the attributes of the Prophet (SAW)

71. عن فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنها أتت بالحسن والحسين إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في شكواه الذي توفي فيه، فقالت: يا رسول الله صلى الله عليك وسلم! هذان ابناك فورثهما شيئا، فقال: أما الحسن فله هيبتى و سؤددى و أما حسين فله جرأتى و جودى.

Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) narrates that she took Husain and Hasan to the Holy Prophet (SAW) during his illness in which he passed away and said, “Oh Messenger of Allah (SAW)! These two are your sons so make them inheritors of something.” The Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “For Hasan is my overpowering personality and leadership and for Husain is my courage and generosity.”

28. The children of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) are the children of the Prophet (SAW)

72. عن فاطمة الزهراء رضي الله عنها، قالت: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: كل بنى أم ينتمون إلى عصبة إلا ولد فاطمة، فأنا وليهم، و أنا عصبتهم.

Fatimah az-Zahra (سلام اللہ علیھا) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “The lineage of every mother’s children is attributed to their father except for Fatimah’s children. So I am their guardian and I am their lineage.”

73. عن عمر رضي الله عنه، قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: كل بنى أنثى فإن عصبتهم لأبيهم ما خلا ولد فاطمة، فإني أنا عصبتهم و أنا أبوهم.

Umar (RA) narrates, "I heard the Holy Prophet (SAW) say, 'The family tree of the children of every woman is attributed to their father except for Fatimah’s children. I am their family and I am their father.'”

74. عن جابر رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: لكل بنى أم عصبة ينتمون إليهم إلا ابنى فاطمة، فأنا وليهما و عصبتهما.

Jabir bin Abdullah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “It is the father that every woman’s children are attributed to, except for Fatimah’s sons. I am their guardian and I am their lineage.”

29. On the Day of Judgement all family ties will be broken except for those of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)

75. عن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه، إني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: كل نسب و سبب ينقطع يوم القيامة إلا ما كان من سببى و نسبى.

Umar bin Khattab (RA) states, "I heard the Messenger of the Allah (SAW) say, 'Except for my family and my relationship, every family and relationship will be broken on the Day of Judgement.'”

76. عن عبد الله بن الزبير رضي الله عنهما، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: كل نسب و صهر منقطع يوم القيامة إلا نسبى و صهرى.

Abdullah bin Zubair narrates that the Messenger of Allah said, “On the Day of Judgement every family and relationship will come to an end except for my family and relationship.”

77. عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: كل سبب ونسب منقطع يوم القيامة إلا سببى و نسبى.

Abdullah bin Abbas narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Except for my family and my relationship, every family and relationship will come to an end on the Day of Judgement.”

30. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) will be the first to meet the Holy Prophet (SAW) after his passing away

78. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها، قالت: دعا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فاطمة ابنته في شكواه التي قبض فيها، فسارها بشيء فبكت، ثم دعاها فسارها فضحكت، قالت: فسألتها عن ذلك، فقالت: سارني النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فأخبرنى أنه يقبض في وجعه الذي توفي فيه، فبكيت، ثم سارنى فأخبرنى أنى أول أهل بيته أتبعه، فضحكت.

The Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “During the illness in which the Holy Prophet (SAW) passed away, he (SAW) called for Fatimah, his daughter, and whispered to her and she began to cry. Then he (SAW) called her nearer and whispered something to her and she laughed.” Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) says, “I asked Fatimah regarding this incident and she said, ‘The Holy Prophet (SAW) whispered to me that that he (SAW) would pass away during this illness so I began to cry. Then he (SAW) whispered to me and told me that from the ‘people of the house’ I will be the first to come after him and meet him. To this I laughed.’”

79. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها، عن فاطمة رضي الله عنها: أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لها: أنت أول أهلى لحوقا بى، فضحكت لذلك.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates from Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “The Holy Prophet (SAW) said to her, ‘From ¢the people of my house¢ you will be the first to meet me (after I have passed away).’ To this good news I laughed.”

80. عن بن عباس رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لفاطمة رضي الله عنها: أنت أول أهلي لحوقا بى.

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (RA) narrates that Holy Prophet (SAW) said to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “From my household you will be the first to join me.”

81. عن بن عباس رضي الله عنه، قال: لما نزلت (إذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللهِ وَالْفَتْحُ) دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فاطمة، فقال: قد نعيت إلى نفسى، فبكت، فقال: لا تبكى، فإنك أول أهلي لحاقا بى فضحكت فرآها بعض أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقلن: يا فاطمةَ! رأيناك بكيت، ثم ضحكت، قالت: إنه أخبرنى أنه قد نعيت إليه نفسه فبكيت، فقال لى: لا تبكى، فإنك أول أهلى لاحق بى فضحكت.

Ibn Abbas narrates that when the Quranic verse, “When the help of Allah and victory comes…”, was revealed, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) called Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) and said, “The news of my passing away has come.” She started to cry. The Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Don’t cry. Indeed from my household you will be the first to join me.” She started to laugh. This incident was witnessed by some of the wives and they asked, “Fatimah! We saw you cry and then you smiled.” Fatimah replied, “The Messenger of Allah (SAW) told me that the time of his passing away has arrived. To this I cried. Then he (SAW) said, ‘Do not cry. You will be the first to meet me from my household.’ To this I laughed.”

31. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) was aware of her own death

82. عن أم سلمى رضي الله عنها قالت: اشتكت فاطمة شكواها التي قبضت فيه، فكنت أمرضها فأصبحت يوما كأمثل ما رأيتها في شكواها تلك، قالت: وخرج علي لبعض حاجته، فقالت: يا أمه! اسكبى لى غسلا، فسكبت لها غسلا فاغتسلت كأحسن ما رأيتها تغتسل، ثم قالت: يا أمه! أعطينى ثيابى الجدد، فأعطيتها فلبستها، ثم قالت: يا أمه! قدمى لى فراشى وسط البيت، ففعلت و اضطجعت و استقبلت القبلة و جعلت يدها تحت خدها، ثم قالت: يا أمه! أنى مقبوضة الآن و قد تطهرت، فلا يكشفنى أحد فقبضت مكانها، قالت: فجاء علي فأخبرته.

Umm Salma (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “When Fatimah

(سلام اللہ علیھا) had the illness which took her life, I nursed her. During this time, on one occasion her condition was slightly better one morning. Ali (كرم الله وجهه) had gone out for some job. Fatimah said, ‘O mother! Bring some water for me to bathe.’ I brought some water and as far as I saw she bathed perfectly. Then she said, ‘O mother, bring me new clothes’ so I gave her clothes to her and she put them on. Then she said, ‘O mother! Make my bed for me in the middle of the house,’ so I did accordingly. Then she laid down, faced towards the Kabah, placed her hand under her cheek and said, ‘O mother! It is time for my death and I have purified myself. Do not let anybody undress me.’ Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) passed away in that very position.” Umm Salmah continues, “Then Ali (كرم الله وجهه) came back and I informed him of Fatimah’s (سلام اللہ علیھا) death.”

32. On Judgement Day, everyone will lower their gaze on the arrival of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)

83. عن علي رضي الله عنه، قال: سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: إذا كان يوم القيامة نادى مناد من وراء الحجاب: يا أهل الجمع! غضوا أبصاركم عن فاطمة بنت محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم حتى تمر.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates: I heard the Holy Prophet (SAW) say, “On the Day of Judgement an announcer will announce from behind a veil, ‘Oh people of mahshar! Lower your gazes until Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad (SAW) passes.’”

84. عن علي رضي الله عنه، قال: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: إذا كان يوم القيامة، قيل: يا أهل الجمع! غضوا أبصاركم لتمر فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فتمر و عليها ريطتان خضراوان.
قال أبو مسلم: قال لي أبو قلابة وكان معنا عبد الحميد أنه قال: حمراوان.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “On the Day of Judgement it will be said, ‘Oh people of mahshar! Lower your gazes so that the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) may pass.’ She will pass through wearing two green garments.”

Abu Muslim said that when Abd-ul-Hameed was with us, Qalabah told me that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “(Fatimah [سلام الله عليها] will pass wearing) two red garments.”

85. عن عائشة رضى الله عنها، قالت: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: ينادى مناد يوم القيامة: غضوا أبصاركم حتى تمر فاطمة بنت محمد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “On the Day of Judgement an announcer will announce, ‘Lower your gazes so that Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad (SAW) can pass.’”

86. عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه....مرفوعا.... إذا كان يوم القيامة نادى مناد من بُطنان العرش: يا أهل الجمع! نكسوا رؤسكم و غضوا أبصاركم حتى تجوز فاطمة إلى الجنة.

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates this marfu tradition that on the Day of Judgement a voice from the depths of the Throne will call out, “Oh people of mahshar! Bow your heads and lower your gazes until Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) passes through towards Paradise.”

33. Fatimah will cross the Bridge accompanied with seventy thousand Hurs

87. عن أبي أيوب الأنصاري رضي الله عنه: إذا كان يوم القيامة نادى مناد من بطنان العرش: يا أهل الجمع! نكسوا رؤسكم و غضوا أبصاركم حتى تمر فاطمة بنت محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم على الصراط، فتمر و معها سبعون ألف جارية من الحور العين كالبرق اللامع.

Abu Ayyub Ansari narrates the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “On the Day of Judgement an announcer from the depths of the Throne will announce, ‘Oh people! Bow your heads and lower your gazes so that Fatimah daughter of Muhammad (SAW) can cross the Bridge (sirat).’ She will pass in the company of seventy thousand servants from the hur-ul-in (superior female servants in Paradise) who will be like flashes of lightning.”

88. عن علي رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: تحشر إبنتى فاطمة يوم القيامة وعليها حلة الكرامة قد عجنت بماء الحيوان، فتنظر إليها الخلائق، فيتعجبون منها، ثم تكسى حلة من حلل الجنة [تشتمل] على ألف حلة مكتوب [عليها] بخط أخضر: أدخلوا بنت محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم الجنة على أحسن صورة و أكمل هيبة و أتم كرامة و أوفر حظ. فتزف إلى الجنة كالعروس حولها سبعون ألف جارية.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “On the Day of Resurrection my daughter will be raised wearing the dress of honour washed in the ‘Water of Life’. The whole creation will be amazed on seeing her. Then she will be given the dress of Paradise, each layer comprising of a thousand layers. Each layer will read in green, ‘Take the daughter of Muhammad to Paradise in the best form, great dignity, high esteem and deep respect.’ She will be beautified like a bride and will be taken to Paradise surrounded by seventy thousand hurs (beautiful women of Paradise).”

34. On Judgement Day Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) will sit in the carriage of the Holy Prophet (SAW)

89. عن علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إذا كان يوم القيامة حملت على البراق و حملت فاطمة على ناقة العضباء.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “On the Day of Judgement I will seated on Burraq and Fatimah will be seated on my she-camel Uzba.”

90. عن أبى هريرة رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: تبعث الأنبياء يوم القيامة على الدواب ليوافوا بالمؤمنين من قومهم المحشر، و يبعث صالح على ناقته، و أبعث على البراق خطوها عند أقصى طرفها، و تبعث فاطمة أمامى.

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “The Prophets on the Day of Judgement will be brought on their rides to accompany the believers of their nation at mahshar. Salih (u) will be brought on his she-camel and I will be brought on Burraq, who strides as far as the eye can see, and Fatimah will be brought in front of me.”

91. عن بريدة رضي الله عنه، قال معاذ بن جبل رضي الله عنه: يا رسول الله صلى الله عليك وسلم! وأنت على العضباء؟ [قال: أنا] على البراق يخصنى الله به من بين الأنبياء، و فاطمة ابنتى على العضباء.

Buraidah (RA) narrates that Muadh bin Jabal said, “Oh Messenger of Allah! Will you ride your she-camel Uzbah (on the Day of Judgement)?” The Holy Prophet (SAW) replied, “I will be on Burraq which from among the Prophets will be specifically given to me. My daughter Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) will be on my she-camel Uzbah.”

35. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the handle of the scale

92. عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أنا ميزان العلم، وعلي كفتاه، و الحسن و الحسين خيوطه، و فاطمة علاقته، و الأئمة من بعدى عموده يوزن به أعمال المحبين لنا و المبغضين لنا.

Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “I am the scale of knowledge, Ali is its pans, Hasan and Husain are its ropes, Fatimah is its handle and the leaders (of the ahl-ul-bait) after me are its rods. The deeds of those who love us or have hatred against us will be weighed on this scale.”

36. Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) and her family will be the first to enter Paradise with the Holy Prophet (SAW)

93. عن علي رضي الله عنه، قال: أخبرني رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أن أول من يدخل الجنة أنا و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين. قلت: يا رسول الله صلى الله عليك وسلم! فمحبونا؟ قال: من ورائكم.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates, “The Holy Prophet (SAW) told me, ‘The first people entering Paradise will be myself, Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husain.’ I asked, ‘Oh Messenger of Allah (SAW)! What about our lovers?’ The Messenger of Allah replied, ‘They will be behind you.’”

94. عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه، قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أول شخص يدخل الجنة فاطمة.

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “The first person to enter Paradise will be Fatimah.”

95. عن أبي يزيد المدنى، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أول شخص يدخل الجنة: فاطمة بنت محمد، و مثلها في هذه الأمة مثل مريم في بنى إسرائيل.

Abu Yazid Madani narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Fatimah will be the first person to enter Paradise and she is to this ummah (nation) as Maryam was to the ‘Children of Israeel’.”

37. On the Day of Judgement Fatimah’s residence will be a white dome under the Throne of Allah (SWT)

96. عن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله: إن فاطمة و عليا و الحسن و الحسين فى حظيرة القدس في قبة بيضاء سقفها عرش الرحمن.

Umar bin Khattab (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Indeed, Fatima, Ali, Hasan and Husain will live in a white dome in Paradise. The Throne of Rahman will be its roof.”

97. عن أبى موسى الأشعرى رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أنا و علي و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين يوم القيامة في قبة تحت العرش.

Abu Musa Ashari (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “On the Day of Judgement Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husain will live in a dome under the Throne.”

38. The ‘Holy Five’ and their lovers will be together on the Day of Judgement

98. عن علي رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لفاطمة: إنى و إياك وهذين و هذا الراقد في مكان واحد يوم القيامة.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), “Myself, you and these two (Hasan and Husain) and this sleeping one (Ali [كرم الله وجهه] as he just woke up at that time) will be in one place on the Day of Judgement.”

99. عن علي رضي الله عنه، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، قال: أنا و علي و فاطمة و حسن و حسين مجتمعون و من أحبنا، يوم القيامة نأكل و نشرب حتى يفرق بين العباد.

Ali (كرم الله وجهه) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Myself, Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husain and all those who hold love for us will be together at one place on the Day of Judgement. We will eat and drink together until people will be separated from each.”

39. Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها): Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the most superior personality after the Prophet (SAW)

100. عن عائشة رضي الله عنها، قالت: ما رأيت أفضل من فاطمة رضي الله عنها غير أبيها.

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates, “I have not seen anyone superior to Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) other than her father (SAW).”

101. عن عمرو بن دينار، قال: قالت عائشة رضي الله عنها: ما رأيت أحدا قط أصدق من فاطمة غير أبيها.

Amr bin Dinar (RA) narrates that Ayehsah (رضي الله عنها) said, “I have never seen anyone who is more truthful than Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) except for her father (SAW).”

40. Umar bin Khattab (RA): After the Messenger of Allah (SAW) Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the most beloved personality

102. عن عمر رضي الله عنه أنه دخل على فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقال: يا فاطمة! والله! ما رأيت أحدا أحب إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم منك، والله! ما كان أحد من الناس بعد أبيك صلى الله عليه وسلم أحب إلى منك.

Umar bin Khattab (RA) says that he went to the house of Fatimah the daughter of the Messenger of Allah and said, “Oh Fatimah! I swear by Allah that I have not seen anyone who is dearer to the Messenger of Allah (SWT) than you. I swear by Allah that nobody is dearer to me than you after your father (SAW).”


Note: ‘Ahl-ul-bait’ literally means the ‘people of the house’. In the context of the book it means the family of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (A).
 

1.

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:352#3206)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (3:259,285)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:761#1340, 1341)
4. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musnnaf (6:388#32272)
5. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:360#2953)
6. Abd bin Humaid, al-Musnad (p.367#1223)
7. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:172#4748)
8. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:56#2671)
9. Bukhari related it from Abul Hamra in al-Kuna (p.25# 205). In the tradition this routine of the Prophet (A) was carried out for a period of nine months.
10. Abd bin Humayd has related the same tradition from Bukhari in al-Musnad (p.173# 475).

2.

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (3:380#3456)
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-us-saghir (1:231#375)
3. Ibn Hayyan, Tabaqat-ul-muhadditheen bi Asbhan (3# 384)
4. Khateeb Baghdadi, Tareekh Baghdad (10:278)
5. Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (22:6)

3

1. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1883#2424)
2. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:370#36102)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:672#1149)
4. Ibn Rahawayh, al-Musnad (3:678#1271)
5. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:159#4705)
6. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (2:149)
7. Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (22:6,7)
8. Baghawi, Maalim-ut-tanzil (3:529)
9. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (3:485)
10. Suyuti, ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir-bil-mathur (6:605)

4

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:351,663#3205,3787)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (6:292)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:587#994)
4. Bayhaqi related it with slightly different words in as-sunan-ul-kubra (2:150).
5. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (2:451#3558)
6. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:158#4705)
7. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:54#2662)
8. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (9:25#8295)
9. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:134#3799)
10. Baihaqi, al-Itiqad (p.327).

5

1. Hakim has declared it sahih (sound) in al-Mustadrak (3:170# 4740) while Dhahabi has supported it.
2. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (4:251#7078)
3. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:146#8517)
4. Ibn Sa‘d, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (2:247,248)
5. Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (8:26,27)
6. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi-marifah as-sahabah (7:218)

6

1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1326,1327#3426,3427)
2. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1904#2450)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (6:282)
* The narrator is unsure of the exact words of the Prophet (A).

7

1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (5:2317#5928)
2. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1905#2450)
3. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.77#263)
4. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:762#1342)
5. Tayalisi, al-Musnad (p.196#1373)
6. Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (2:247)
7. Dawlabi, az-Zurriyah at-tahirah (p.101,102#188)
8. Abu Nauym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:39, 40)
9. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:130)
* The narrator is unsure of the exact words of the Prophet (A)

8

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:403#1006)
2. Bukhari, at-Tarikh-ul-kabir (1:232#728)
3. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:201) this tradition has been narrated by Tabarani and has declared its narrators sahih (sound) except Muhammad bin Marwan Zahli. While Ibn Hibban has declared Muhammad bin Marwan Zahli as very sound.
4. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:127)
5. Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-kamal (26:391)

9

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:660#3781)
2. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:80,95#8298,8365)
3. Nasai, Fadhail-us-sahabah (p.58,72#193,260)
4. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (5:391)
5. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:788#1406)
6. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:388#32271)
7. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:164#4721,4722)
8. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:402#1005)
9. Bayhaqi, al-Itiqad (p.328)
10. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi-manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.224)

10

1. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:201)
2. Bazzar, al-Musnad (3:102#885)

11

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (1:293,316)
2. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:93,94#8355,8364)
3. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.74,76#250,259)
4. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:470#7010)
5. Hakim, al-Mustadrak, (2:539#3836)
6. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:174,205#4754,4852)
7. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:760,761# 1339)
8. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (5:110#2722)
9. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:364#2962)
10. Abd bin Humayd, al-Musnad (1:205#597)

12

Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:760#1336)

13

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (11:210#11685)
2. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:202) this tradition has been narrated by Tabarani and its narrators are thiqah (men of integrity).
3. Sakhawi, Istijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi-hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi ash-sharf (p.117)

14

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:407#1018)
2. Bazzar, al-Musnad (5:223#1829)
3. Hakim al-Mustadrak (3:165#4726)
4. Abu Nuaym, Hilat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (4:188)
5. Sakhawi, Istijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi-hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi s-sharf (p.115,116)

15

1. Daylami, al-Firdaws bi mathur al-khitab (1:346#1385)
2. Hindi narrated it in Kanz-ul-ummal (12:109#34227) and said Daylami has narrated the tradition through Abu Hurairah.
3. Sakhawi said in Istijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi-hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi s-sharf (p.96) Daylami narrated it through Abu Hurayrah.

16

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:702#3877)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (1:116,132)
3. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (1:455)
4. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:852#1580)
5. Ibn Abd-ul-Barr, al-Istiab fi marifah al-ashab (4:1823)
6. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:113)
7. Asqalani, Fath-ul-bari (6:447)
8. Asqalani, Fath-ul-bari (7:107)
9. Asqalani, al-Isabah fi tamyiz as-shabah (7:602)

17

1. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1886#2430)
2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1265,1388#3249,3604)
3. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:93#8354)
4. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (1:84, 143)
5. Abd-ur-Razzaq, al-Musannaf (7:492#14006)
6. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:390#32289)
7. Bazzar, al-Musnad (2:115#468)
8. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (1:399#522)
9. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.74#249)
10. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:847,852# 1563,1579,1583)

Explanatory Note

Traditions in this chapter are no contrast to those in chapter three and four. The excellence of Asiyah, Maryam and Khadijah was in relation to their own periods. The greatness of the Leader of all women, Fatimah, is beyond time and space. The poet of East, Allama Iqbal, also pays her homage as the world’s most perfect woman. The gist of his poem runs as follows:
Maryam’s relation with prophet Isa alone brought her the crown of excellence while the daughter of the Master of the Universe, Muhammad, had three honours to her credit. First, she was the light of the Prophet’s1 eye who was the leader of all the prophets and the whole universe. Secondly, she was the wife of the Lion of Allah2, who was the Master of all the Believers. Her husband was such a content person as his whole home consisted of no more than a sword and a shield. And thirdly, she was the mother of the one3 who was the leader of the caravan of love and passion.
-------------------------------------------------------
1. i.e. his daughter, Fatimah
2. i.e. Ali, the fourth Commander of the Faithful
3. i.e. Imam Husain

18

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:170#4740)
2. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (2:470,471#696)
3. Haythami, Mawarid-uz-zaman (p.631#2540)

19

Shawkani said in Darr-us-sahabah fi manaqib al-qarabah was-sahabah (p.279) Hakim narrated it in al-Mustadrak.

20

1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1361#3510)
2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1374#3556)
3. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1903#2449)
4. Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated it in al-Musannaf (6:388# 32269) through Ali (كرم الله وجهه)
5. Abu Awanah, al-Musnad (3:70#4233)
6. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:361#2954)
7. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:404#1013)
8. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:172#4747)
9. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (10:201)
10. Daylami, al-Firdaws bi mathur al-khitab (3:145#4389)

21

1. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:388#32269)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:755,756# 1326)
3. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.80,81)

22

1. Bazzar, al-Musnad (2:160#526)
2. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:255)
3. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:202)
4. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:40, 41,175)
5. Darqutni, Sualat Hamzah (p.280#409)

23

1. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:391,392#9236,9237)
2. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:403#6953)
3. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:367#2967)
4. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:242#4089)
5. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (4:303#7715)
6. Bukhari, al-Adab-ul-mufrad (p.326#947)
7. Dawlabi, az-Zurriyah at-tahira (p.100#184)

24

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:167#4732)
2. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.78#264)
3. Ibn Rahawayh, al-Musnad (1:8#6)
4. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (7:101)
5. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (6:467#8927)
6. Maqri, Taqbil-ul-yad (p.91)
7. Asqalani said in Fath-ul-bari (11:50) the tradition has been narrated by Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi and has termed it hasan (fair) while Ibn Hibban and Hakim have declared it sahih (sound).

25

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:174#4753)
2. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.85)
3. Haythami, Mawarid-uz-zaman (p.549#2223)
4. Asqalani, Fath-ul-bari (11:50)
5. Shawkani, Darr-us-sahabah fi manaqib al-qarabah was-sahabah (p.279)
6. Hakim graded it sahih (sound) according to the conditions of Bukhari and Muslim.

26

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (5:348#5514)
2. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:169) Tabarani narrated this tradition and its narrators are sahih (sound) except Ubayd bin Tufayl who is thiqah (credible). His nickname is Abu Saydan.

27

1. Abu Dawud, as-Sunan (4:87#4213)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (5:275)
3. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (1:26)
4. Zayd Baghdadi, Tarkat-tun-nabi (p.57)
* ‘Slave of the Messenger of Allah’ was his title. He was given this because he was brought to the Prophet (A) as a slave but the Prophet (A) freed him.

28

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:169,170#4739,4740)
2. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (1:664#1798)
3. Hakim also narrated it in al-Mustadrak (3:169#4737) through Abu Thalbah Khashny with different words.
4. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (2:470,471#696)
5. Haythami, Mawarid-uz-zaman (p.631#2540)
6. Ibn Asakir narrated this tradition in Tarikh Dimashq al-kabir (43:141) through Abu Thalbah Khashny.

29

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:248#4105)
2. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (4:352#2466)
3. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (8:42) the tradition has been narrated by Tabarani in al-Awsat and its chain of narrators is thiqah (credible).
4. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi-marifah as-sahabah (7:219)
5. Suyuti, al-Jami-us-saghir fi ahadith al-bashir an-nadhir (p.189#303)
6. Manawi, Fayd-ul-qadir (5:155)

30

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:701#3874)
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:403,404#1008, 1009)
3. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:171#4744)
4. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.77)
5. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi marifah as-sahabah (7:219)
6. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:125)
7. Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-kamal (4:512)
8. Shawkani, Darr-us-sahabah fi manaqib al-qarabah was-sahabah (p.273)

31

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:698#3868)
2. Nasai narrated this tradition in as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:140# 8498) with different words.
3. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (7:199#7262)
4. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:168#4735)
5. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:131)
6. Shawkani, Darr-us-sahabah fi manaqib al-qarabah was-sahabah (p.274)

32

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:678##3819)
2. Bazzar, al-Musnad (7:71#2620)
3. Tayalisi, al-Musnad (p.88#633)
4. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:403#1007)
5. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (2:452#3526)
6. Maqdasi, al-Ahadith-ul-mukhtarah (4:160,162#1379,1380)
7. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (3:489,490)
8. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.78)
* This tradition is hasan (fair).

33

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (7:343#7675)
2. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:173) Tabarani has narrated this tradition in al-Awsat. Haythami also commented he did not know Salamah bin Aqabah, one of the chain of narrators. The rest of the narrators are thiqah (credible).
3. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:202) Tabarani has narrated this tradition in al-Awsat.
4. Husaini said in al-Bayan wat-tarif (2:118#1238) Tabarani has narrated it in al-Awsat and Haythami termed its narrators sahih (sound).
5. Manawi said in Fayd-ul-qadir (4:422) Haythami has declared its narrators sahih (sound).

34

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:631,632# 1076)
2. Nasai narrated it in as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:150#8531) briefly.
3. Humaidi, al-Musnad (1:22#38)
4. Shaybani narrated it briefly in al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:360#2951).
5. Ibn Jawzi, Tadhkirat-ul-khawas (p.275,276)
6. Ibn Athir narrated it briefly in Usad-ul-ghabah fi marifah as-sahabah (7:219).

35

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:700#3872)
2. Abu Dawud, as-Sunan (4:355#5217)
3. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.77,78#264)
4. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (4:303#7715)
5. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:96)
6. Ibn Sa‘d narrated this tradition in at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (2:248) through Umm Salmah with slightly different words.
7. Ibn Jawzi, Sifat-us-safwah (2:6,7)
8. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.84,85)

36

1. Bukhari, al-Adab-ul-mufrad (p.326,337#947,971)
2. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:391#9236)
3. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:403#6953)
4. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:167,174#4732,4753)
5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:242#40809)
6. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (7:101)
7. Ibn Rahawayh, al-Musnad (1:8#6)
8. Ibn Abd-ul-Barr, al-Istiab fi marifah al-as hab (4:1896)
9. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:127)

37

Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (3:164)

38

1. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1905,1906#2450)
2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (5:3217#5928)
3. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (1:518#1620)
4. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (4:251#7078)
5. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:96,146#8368,8516, 8517)
6. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.77#263)
7. Nasai, Kitab-ul-wafat (p.20#2)
8. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:762, 763#1343)
9. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:368#2968)
10. Ibn Rahawayh, al-Musnad (1:6,7#5)

39

1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (5:2317#5928)
2. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1905#2450)
3. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.77#263)
4. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:762#1342)
5. Tayalisi, al-Musnad (p.196#1373)
6. Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (2:247)
7. Dawlabi, az-Rurriyah at-tahirah (p.101,102#188)
8. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:39,40)
9. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:130)

40

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:168#4734)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (4:332)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:765#1347)
4. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:362#2956)
5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (20:25#30)
6. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:203)
7. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (3:206)
8. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:132)
9. Asqalani, Fath-ul-bari (9:329)
10. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (3:257)

41

Sakhawi, Istijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi-hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi sh-sharf (p.96,97). Sakhawi narrated an event on p.150, through Abdullah bin Hasan: “I visited Umar bin Abd-ul-Aziz in connection with a need. He asked me: ‘Whenever you are in need of anything, send somebody to me or simply write to me. I feel ashamed before Allah that I find you at my door.’”

42

1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1361#3510)
2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1374#3556)
3. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1903#2449)
4. Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated this tradition in al-Musannaf (6:388#32269) through Ali.
5. Abu Awanah, al-Musnad (3:70#4233)
6. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:361#2954)
7. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:404#1012)
8. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:172#4747)
9. Daylami, al-Firdaws bimathur al-khitab (3:145#4389)
10. Ibn Jawzi, Sifat-us-safwah (2:7)

43

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:167#4730)
2. Abu Yala, al-Mujam (p.190#220)
3. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:363#2959)
4. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (1:108#182)
5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:401#1001)
6. Dawlabi, az-Zurriyah at-tahirah (p.120#235)
7. Qazwini, at-Tadwin fi akhbar qazwin (3:11)
8. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:203) Tabarani has narrated this tradition with a hasan (fair) chain of narrators.
9. Ibn Jawzi, Tadhkirat-ul-khawass (p.279)
10. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi marifah as-sahabah (7:219)

44

1. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1903#2449)
2. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:97#8370)
3. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (10:201)
4. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:361#2955)
5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:404#1010)
6. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:40)
7. Andlusi, Tuhfat-ul-muhtaj (2:585#1795)
8. Asqalani, al-Isabah fi tamyiz as-sahabah (8:56)
9. Ibn Jawzi, Tadhkirat-ul-khawass (p.279)

45

1. Tirmidhi narrated this hasan (fair) sahih (sound) tradition in al-Jami-us-sahih (5:698#3869).
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (4:5)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:756#1327)
4. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:173#4751)
5. Maqdasi, al-Ahadith-ul-mukhtarah (9:314,315#274)
6. Asqalani, Fath-ul-bari (9:329)
7. Shawkani, Darr-us-sahabah fi manaqib al-qarabah was-sahabah (p.274)

46

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:755#1324)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal has narrated it in Fadail-us-sahabah (2:756#1327) through Abdullah bin Zubayr as well.
3. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (4:5)
4. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:173#4750)
5. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:362#2957)
6. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:405#1013)
7. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-qubra (10:201)

47

1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:699#3870)
2. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (1:52#145)
3. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:161#4714)
4. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:40#2619, 2620)
5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (5:184#5030, 5031)
6. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (5:182#5015)
7. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.62)
8. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:125)
9. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (10:432)
10. Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-kamal (13:112)

48

1. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:434#6977)
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (3:179#2854)
3. Tabarani, al-Mujam-us-saghir (2:53#767)
4. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:169) Tabarani has narrated it in al-Awsat.
5. Haythami, Mawarid-uz-zaman (p.555#2244)
6. Mahamili, al-Amali (p.447#532)
7. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi marifah as-sahabah

49

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (2:442)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:767#1350)
3. Hakim graded it hasan (fair) in al-Mustadrak (3:161#4713) while Dhahabi kept silent about it.
4. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:40#2621)
5. Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh Baghdad (7:137)
6. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:122)
7. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (3:257,258)
8. Haythami has said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:169) that Ahmad and Tabarani have related it. All the transmitters are rijal sahih (trustworthy) except for Talyid bin Sulaiman upon whom there is a difference of opinion.

50

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:661#1126)
2. Muhibb Tabari, ar-Riyadh-un-nadhrah fi manaqib-il-ashrah (1:362)
3. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.51)
4. Suyuti, ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir bil-mathur (7:349)

51

Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:372#32116)

52

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:212#4002)
2. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:172)
3. Jurjani, Tarikh Jurjan (p.369)

53

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:162#4717)
2. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:435#6978)
3. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:123)
4. Hakim graded it sahih (sound) according to the conditions of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim.

54

1. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.51)
2. Faswi, al-Marifah wat-tarikh (1:505)

55

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (3:39#2405)
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:81#2726)

56

1. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1905,1906#2450)
2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (5:2317#5928)
3. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (1:518#1621)
4. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (4:251#7078)
5. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:96,146#8368,8516, 8517)
6. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.77#263)
7. Nasai, Kitab-ul-wafat (p.20#2)
8. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:762, 763#1343)
9. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:368#2968)
10. Ibn Rahawayh, al-Musnad (1:6,7#5)

57

1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1361#3511)
2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1327#3427)
3. Bukhari, as-Sahih (4:1612#4170)
4. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1904#2450)
5. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.77#296)
6. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (6:77)
7. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:754#1322)
8. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:404#6954)
9. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (12:122#6755)
10. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:420#1036)

58

Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:420#1035)

59

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (4:332)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:765#1347)
3. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:168#4734)
4. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:362#2956)
5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (20:25#30)
6. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:405#1014)
7. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:203) Tabarani has related it. Umm Bakr bint Miswar has been neither criticised nor declared reliable. The rest of the narrators of the tradition have been declared thiqah (trustworthy).
8. Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:132)

60

1. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (1:52#135)
2. Sakhawi, Istijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi s-sharf (p.99)

61

1. Bazzar, al-Musnad (5:223#1829)
2. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:165#4726)
3. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (4:188)
4. Dhahabi declared it as a marfu hadith in Mizan-ul-itidal fi naqd ar-rijal (5:261) through Abdullah bin Masud.
5. Manawi, Fayd-ul-qadir (2:462)

62

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:41#2625)
2. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:202)
3. Manawi, Fayd-ul-qadir (2:463)

63

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (10:156#10305)
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:407#1020)
3. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:204) Tabarani has transmitted it and its narrators are thiqah (trustworthy).
4. Halabi, al-Kashf-ul-hasis (1:174)
5. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (#32891,32929)
6. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (13:681,682#37753)
7. Ibn Jawzi has transmitted it in Tadhkirat-ul-khawass (p.276) through Hadrat Abdullah bin Buraydah.
8. Husaini said in al-Bayan wat-tarif (1:174#455) that both Ibn Asakir and Khatib Baghdadi related it through Anas bin Malik.
9. Manawi, Fayd-ul-qadir (2:215)

64

1. Husaini said in al-Bayan wat-tarif (2:301#1803) that Qazwini, Khatib Baghdadi and Ibn Asakir have transmitted it through Ans bin Malik.
2. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.71)

65

1. Muhibb Tabari said in ar-Riyad-un-nadrah fi manaqib al-ashrah (3:146) Mulla related it in as-Sirah.
2. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.72)

66

Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.72)

67

1. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:394,395#6944)
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:409#1021)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal related it in Fadail-us-sahabah (2:762# 1342) through Asma daughter of Umays with a slight difference of words.
4. Haythami, Mawarid-uz-zaman (p.549,551#2225)
5. Ibn Jawzi related it briefly in Tadhkirat-ul-khawass (p.277)
6. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.67)

68

1. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (2:76#10088)
2. Nasai, Amal-ul-yawm wal-laylah (p.253#258)
3. Ruyani, al-Musanad (1:77#35)
4. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (2:20#1153)
5. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi marifah as-sahabah (7:217)
6. Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (8:21)
7. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:209) Bazzar and Tabarani related it.
8. Asqalani said in al-Isabah fi tamyiz as-sahabah (8:56) Dawlabi has narrated the tradition with a sound chain of narrators.
9. Dawlabi, az-Zurriyah at-tahirah (p.65#94)
10. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.74)

69

1. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1902#2449)
2. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:698#3867)
3. Abu Dawud, as-Sunan (2:226#2071)
4. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (1:643#1998)
5. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:147#8518)
6. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (4:328)
7. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:756#1328)
8. Abu Awanah, al-Musnad (3:69,70#4231)
9. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (7:307)
10. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (10:288)

70

1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1364#3523)
2. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1903#2448)
3. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (1:644#1999)
4. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:759#1335)
5. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:407,408,535#6956, 6957,7060)
6. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (20:18,19#18,19)
7. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:405#1013)
8. Tabarani, al-Mujam-us-saghir (2:73#804)
9. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:203)
10. Dawlabi, az-Zurriyah at-tahirah (p.47,48#56)

71

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:423#1041)
2. Tabarani narrated it in al-Mujam-ul-awsat (6:222,223# 6245) through Abu Rafi.
3. Shaybani, al-Aahad-wal-mathani (1:299#408)
4. Shaybani, al-Aahad-wal-mathani (5:370#2971)
5. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:185) Tabarani has narrated it. Further he commented that he did not know its narrators.
6. Asqalani, al-Isabah fi tamyiz as-sahabah (7:674)
7. Asqalani, Tahdhid-ut-tahdhid (2:299)
8. Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-kamal (6:400)
9. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (12:117#34272)

72

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:44#2632)
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:423#1042)
3. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (12:109#6741)
4. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (3:264#4787)
5. Khatib Baghdadi’s book Tarikh Baghdad (11:285) contains the words “abu hum” instead of “wallu hum”.
6. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:224)
7. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:172,173)
8. Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-kamal (19:483)
9. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (12:116#34266)
10. Sakhawi, Istijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi-hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi s-sharf (p.129)

73

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:44#2631)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:626#1070)
3. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:224)
4. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (6:301)
5. Sakhawi copied it from Tabarani in Itijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi-hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi s-sharf (p.127) and declared the chain of narrators thiqah (trustworthy).
6. Husaini, al-Bayan wat-tarif (2:144#1314)
7. Shawkani, Nayl-ul-awtar sharh Muntaqa al-khbar (6:139)
8. Manawi, Fayd-ul-qadir (5:17)

74

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:179#4770)
2. Sakhawi, Istijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi-hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi s-sharf (p.130)

75

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:153#4684)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:625,626# 1069,1070)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it in Fadail-us-sahabah (2:758#1333) through Miswar bin Makhramah as well.
4. Bazzar, al-Musnad (1:397#274)
5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:44,45#2633, 2634)
6. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (5:376#5606)
7. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (6:357#6609)
8. Daylami, al-Firdaus bi mathur al-khitab (3:255#4755)
9. Maqdasi, al-Ahadith-ul-mukhtarah (1:198#102)
10. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:173) Tabarani narrated it in al-Awsat and al-Kabir and its chain of transmitters is thiqah (trustworthy).

76

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:257#4132)
2. Tabarani narrated it in al-Mujam-ul-kabir (11:243# 11621) with different words through Abdullah bin Abbas.
3. Tabarani has also narrated it in al-Mujam-ul-kabir (20:27#33) through Miswar bin Makhramah.
4. Khilal declared the tradition narrated by Miswar bin Makhramah as hasan (fair) in his book as-Sunnah (2:433#655).
5. Khatib Baghdadi related it in Tarikh Baghdad (10:271) through Abdullah bin Abbas.
6. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:17)
7. Asqalani, Talkhis-ul-Hubayr (3:143#1477)

77

1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (11:243#11621)
2. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:173) that Tabarani related it and its transmitters are thiqah (authentic).
3. Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh Baghdad (10:271)
4. Sakhawi, Istijlab irtiqa al-ghuraf bi-hubb aqriba ar-rasul wa dhawi s-sharf, p.133

78

1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1327,1361#3427,3511)
2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (4:1612#4170)
3. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1904#2450)
4. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:95#8366)
5. Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (77#262)
6. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (6:240,282)
7. Ahmad bin Hambal also related it in al-Musnad (6:283) through Jafar bin Amr bin Umayyah.
8. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:754#1322)
9. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:404#6954)
10. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:388#3270)

79

1. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (7:269#35980)
2. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:357,358#2942,2945)

80

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:764#1345)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal narrated the same tradition in al-Ilal wa marifat-ur-rijal (2:408#2828) through Jafar bin Amr bin Umayah as well.
3. Abu Nuaym, Hilayat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:40)

81

1. Darmi, as-Sunan (1:51#79)
2. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (4:561)

82

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:629,725# 1074,1243)
2. Dulabi, az-Zurriyah at-tahirah (p.113)
3. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:211)
4. Zaylai, Nasb-ur-rayah (2:250)
5. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.103)
6. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi marifah as-sahabah (7:221)

83

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:166#4728)
2. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.94)
3. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi-marifah as-sahabah (7:220)
4. Ajlawni, Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (1:101#263)

84

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:175#4757)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:763#1344)
3. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (1:108#180)
4. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:400#999)
5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (3:35#2386)
6. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:212)

85

1. Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh Baghdad (8:142)
2. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.94)

86

1. Ajlawni, Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (1:101#263)
2. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (12:106#34211)
3. Hindi said in Kanz-ul-ummal (12:106#34210) that Abu Bakr narrated it in al-Ghilaniyat through Abu Ayyub Ansari.
4. Khatib Baghdadi related it in Tarikh Baghdad (8:141) through Ayeshah with slightly different words.
5. Haytami said in as-Sawaiq-ul-muhriqah (2:557) Abu Bakr narrated it in al-Ghilaniyat.

87

1. Muhibb Tabari said in Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.94) Abu Said Naqqash related this tradition in Fawaid-ul-Iraqiyyin.
2. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (12:105,106#34209, 34210)
3. Ibn Jawzi related it in Tadhkirat-ul-khawass (p.279) with slightly different words through Abdullah bin Umar.
4. Haytami said in as-Sawaiq-ul-muhriqah (2:257) Abu Bakr narrated it in al-Gilaniyat.
5. Manawi, Fayd-ul-qadir (1:420,429)

88

Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.95)

89

Ibn Asakir, Tarikh Dimashq al-kabir (10:353)

90

Hakim said in al-Mustadrak (3:166#4727) the tradition is sahih (sound) in accordance with the conditions of Imam Muslim.

91

1. Ibn Asakir, Tarikh Dimashq al-kabir (10:352,353)
2. Hindi said in Kanz-ul-ummal (11:499#32340) Abu Nuaym and Ibn Asakir narrated it.

92

1. Daylami, al-Firdaws bi mathur al-khitab (1:44#107)
2. Ajlawni said in Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (1:236) Daylami narrated it through Abdullah bin Abbas as a marfu tradition.

93

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:164#4723)
2. Ibn Asakir, Tarikh Dimashq al-kabir (14:173)
3. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (12:98#34166)
4. Haytami said in as-Sawaiq-ul-muhriqah (2:448) Ibn Sad narrated it.
5. Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.214)

94

1. Dhahabi said in Mizal-uz-itidal fi naqd ar-rijal (4:351) that Abu Salih Muazzin narrated it in Manaqib Fatimah.
2. Asqalani also said the same in Lisan-ul-mizan (4:16).

95

1. Qazwini, at-Tadwin fi akhbar qazwin (1:457)
2. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (12:110#34234)

96

1. Ibn Asakir, Tarikh Dimishq al-kabir (14:61)
2. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (12:98#34167)

97

1. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:174)
2. Zurqani, Sharh-ul-Muwatta (4:443)
3. Asqalani, Lisan-ul-mizan (2:94)

98

1. Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (1:101)
2. Bazzar, al-Musnad (3:29,30#779)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:692#1183)
4. Haythami commented in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:169,170) that one of Ahmad bin Hambal’s narrators, Qays bin Rabi, is controversial while the rest of the narrators are thiqah (authentic).
5. Shaybani, as-Sunnah (2:598#1322)
6. Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi marifah as-sahabah (7:220)

99

1. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:174) that he did not know its narrators. Tabarani has also narrated it.
2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:41#2623)

100

1. Tabarani, al-Majma-ul-awsat (3:137#2721)
2. Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (19:201) that Tabarani and Abu Yala also transmitted it and its chain of narrators is sahih (sound).
3. Shawkani, Darr-us-sahabah fi-manaqib al-qarabah was-sahabah (p.277#24)

101

Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:41, 42)

102

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:168#4736)
2. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (7:432#37045)
3. Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:360#2952)
4. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (1:364#532)
5. Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh Baghdad (4:401)

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