dinar: an ancient gold coin.
gharīb: a hadīth or version reported by one reliable or unreliable narrator which differs in context with another hadīth or version reported by a group of reliable narrators. A gharīb hadīth can be sahīh (sound) or da‘īf (weak).
hadīth: pl. hadīths or ahādīth. The sayings, practice and approved traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).
hasan: a hadīth, narrated by a reliable chain of transmission though not approaching the grade of sahīh (sound) hadīth, but records a complete chain of narrators up to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).
Imām: one who leads people in prayers; an eminent Islamic scholar.
kawthar: lit. abundance. A pond in Paradise.
sahīh: sound. A hadīth with an unbroken chain of narrators ranging from the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and approaching an era through reliable narrators without being shādh (odd) or mu‘allal (faulty) in between the two cross relaters.
sharī‘ah: lit. road. It is a legal modality of a people based on the revelation of their prophet/messenger. The last sharī‘ah is that of Islam that abrogates all previous sharī‘ahs.
sunnah: pl. sunnahs. lit. the path, way or a form, the customary practice of a person or a group of people. It has come to refer almost exclusively to the legal way or ways, orders, statements and acts of worship, etc., of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) which have become the models to be followed by the Muslims.
sūrah: a chapter of the holy Qur’ān. There are 114 chapters in the holy Qur’ān.
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