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The Ghadir Declaration

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Hadith 31 to 40

Hadīth No. 31

عن أبي يزيد الأودي عن أبيه،  قال: دخل أبو هريرة رضي الله عنه المسجد،  فاجتمع إليه الناس،  فقام إليه شاب،  فقال: أنشدك بالله! أسمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه،  اللهم! وال من والاه،  وعاد من عاداه؟ قال: فقال: أشهد أني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه،  اللهم! وال من والاه،  وعاد من عاداه.

“Abū Yazīd al-Awdī has related it on the authority of his father that (once) Abū Hurayrah (RA) entered the mosque. The people gathered round him. One young man (from among them) stood up and said: I make you swear by Allāh and ask you: Have you heard the Messenger of Allāh (SAW) say that one who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend him who befriends him (‘Alī), and be his enemy who is his enemy. At this he said: I bear witness that I have heard the Messenger of Allāh (SAW) say this: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend him who befriends him and be his enemy who is his enemy.”[34]

Hadīth No. 32

عن أبي إسحاق،  قال: سمعت سعيد بن وهب رضي الله عنه،  قال: نشد علي الناس،  فقام خمسة أو ستة من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم،  فشهدوا أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه.

“Abū Ishāq narrated that he heard Sa‘īd bin Wahb say: ‘Alī (RA) took oath from the people, at which five or six Companions (RA) stood up and bore witness that Allāh’s Messenger (SAW) had said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master.”[35]

Hadīth No. 33

عن عميرة بن سعد رضي الله عنهما،  أنه سمع عليا رضي الله عنه وهو ينشد في الرحبة: من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه؟ فقام ستة نفر فشهدوا.

“‘Amīrah bin Sa‘d رضي الله عنهما)) has narrated that he heard ‘Alī (RA) make people swear in an open plain and asked them who had heard the Prophet (SAW) say that who has him as his master has ‘Alī as him master. At this six persons stood up and bore witness to it.”[36]

Hadīth No. 34

عن أبي الطفيل،  عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه،  قال: نشد علي الناس: من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول يوم غدير خم: ألستم تعلمون أني أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: فمن كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه،  اللهم! وال من والاه،  وعاد من عاداه؟ فقام أثنا عشر رجلا فشهدوا بذلك.

“Abū Tufayl narrated it on the authority of Zayd bin Arqam (RA) that ‘Alī (RA) asked people on oath who among them had heard the Messenger of Allāh (SAW) say on the day of Ghadīr Khum: Don’t you know that I am nearer than the lives of the believers? They said: Why not! He said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend him who befriends him (‘Alī) and be his enemy who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy. (At Ali’s conversation,) twelve persons stood up and bore witness to this incident.”[37]

Hadīth No. 35

عن سعيد بن وهب وعن زيد بن يثيع رضي الله عنهما،  قالا: نشد علي رضي الله عنه الناس في الرحبة من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول يوم غدير خم إلا قام. قال: فقام من قبل سعيد ستة ومن قبل زيد ستة،  فشهدوا أنهم سمعوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول لعلي رضي الله عنه يوم غدير خم: أليس الله أولى بالمؤمنين؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: اللهم! من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه،  اللهم! وال من والاه،  وعاد من عاداه.

‘Sa‘īd bin Wahb and Zayd bin Yuthay‘ رضي الله عنهما)) narrate that ‘Alī (RA) made people swear in an open plain and asked anyone to stand up who had heard the Prophet (SAW) say something on the day of Ghadīr Khum. The narrator says: Six (men) from Sa‘īd’s side and six from Zayd’s side stood up and bore witness that they had heard the Prophet (SAW) say about ‘Alī (RA) on the day of Ghadīr Khum: Is Allāh not nearer than the lives of the believers? The people said: Why not! Then he said: O Allāh! One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Be you his friend who befriends him (‘Alī), and be his enemy who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy.”[38]

Hadīth No. 36

عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي ليلى،  قال: شهدت عليا رضي الله عنه في الرحبة ينشد الناس: أنشد الله! من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول يوم غدير خم: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه؟ لما قام فشهد. قال عبد الرحمن: فقام أثنا عشر بدريا كأني أنظر إلى أحدهم،  فقالوا: نشهد أنا سمعنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول يوم غدير خم: ألست أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم،  وأزواجي أمهاتهم؟ فقلنا: بلى،  يا رسول الله! قال: فمن كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه،  اللهم! وال من والاه،  وعاد من عاداه.

“‘Abd-ur-Rahmān bin Abī Laylā narrates that I saw ‘Alī (RA) in a vast plain. At that time he was asking people on oath that anyone who had heard the Messenger of Allāh (SAW) say on the day of Ghadīr Khum — one who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master — should stand up and bear witness. ‘Abd-ur-Rahmān said: At this twelve Badrī[39] Companions (RA) stood up as I am looking at one of them. Those (Badrī Companions) said: We bear witness that we heard the Messenger of Allāh (SAW) say on the day of Ghadīr Khum: Am I not nearer than the lives of the believers and are not my wives their mothers? All of them said: Why not, O Messenger of Allāh! At this he said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend him who befriends him (‘Alī) and be his enemy who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy.”[40]

Hadīth No. 37

عن عمرو بن ذي مر،  وسعيد بن وهب،  وعن زيد بن يثيع،  قالوا: سمعنا عليا رضي الله عنه يقول: نشدت الله رجلا سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول يوم غدير خم،  لما قام،  فقام ثلاثة عشر رجلا فشهدوا أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قال: ألست أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم؟ قالوا: بلى،  يا رسول الله! قال: فأخذ بيد علي،  فقال: من كنت مولاه فهذا مولاه،  اللهم! وال من والاه،  وعاد من عاداه،  وأحب من أحبه،  وأبغض من يبغضه،  وانصر من نصره،  واخذل من خذله.

“Amr bin Dhī Mur, Sa‘īd bin Wahb and Zayd bin Yuthay‘(RA) narrate that we heard ‘Alī (RA) say: I want to ask every man on oath who may have heard the Prophet (SAW) say this on the day of Ghadīr Khum. At this thirteen men stood up and bore witness that the Messenger of Allāh (SAW) said: Am I not nearer than the lives of the believers? All of them said: Why not! O Messenger of Allāh. The narrator says that he then caught hold of ‘Alī’s hand and said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend him who befriends him, and be his enemy who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy, love him who loves him (‘Alī), bear malice towards him who bears malice towards him (‘Alī), help him who helps him (‘Alī) and degrade him who (tries to) degrade him (‘Alī).”[41]

Hadīth No. 38

عن زاذان بن عمر،  قال: سمعت عليا رضي الله عنه في الرحبة،  وهو ينشد الناس من شهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يوم غدير خم وهو يقول ما قال،  فقام ثلاثة عشر رجلا فشهدوا أنهم سمعوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وهو يقول: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه.

“Zādhān bin ‘Umar has narrated: I heard ‘Alī (RA) in a meeting ask people on oath: Who has heard the Messenger of Allāh (SAW) say something on the day of Gadhīr Khum? At this, thirteen men stood up and they confirmed that they had heard the Messenger of Allāh (SAW) say this: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master.”[42]

Hadīth No. 39

عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي ليلى،  قال: خطب علي رضي الله عنه،  فقال: أنشد الله امرأ نشدة الإسلام سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يوم غدير خم أخذ بيدي،  يقول: ألست أولى بكم يا معشر المسلمين من أنفسكم؟ قالوا: بلى،  يا رسول الله! قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه،  اللهم! وال من والاه،  وعاد من عاداه،  وانصر من نصره،  واخذل من خذله. إلا قام فشهد،  فقام بضعة عشر رجلا فشهدوا،  وكتم قوم،  فما فنوا من الدنيا إلا عموا وبرصوا.

“It is related by ‘Abd-ur-Rahmān bin Abī Laylā that ‘Alī (RA) addressed (the people) and said: I make the person swear by Allāh (SWT) and Islam to come forward who may have heard the Prophet (SAW) say on the day of Ghadīr Khum while holding my hand: O Muslims! Am I not nearer than your lives? All of them said: Why not! O Messenger of Allāh. He said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend him who befriends him and be his enemy who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy, assist him who assists him, help him who helps him and disgrace him who (wishes to) disgrace him (‘Alī). At this, more than thirteen persons stood up and bore witness and those who concealed these facts turned blind or died of leprosy.”[43]

Hadīth No. 40

عن الأصبغ بن نباتة،  قال: نشد علي رضي الله عنه الناس في الرحبة: من سمع النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يوم غدير خم،  ما قال إلا قام،  ولا يقوم إلا من سمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول،  فقام بضعة عشر رجلا،  فيهم: أبو أيوب الأنصاري،  وأبو عمرة بن عمرو بن محصن،  وأبو زينب،  وسهل بن حنيف،  وخزيمة بن ثابت،  وعبد الله بن ثابت الأنصاري،  وحبشى بن جنادة السلولي،  وعبيد بن عازب الأنصاري،  والنعمان بن عجلان الأنصاري،  وثابت بن وديعة الأنصاري،  وأبو فضالة الأنصاري،  وعبد الرحمان بن عبد رب الأنصاري رضي الله عنهم،  فقالوا: نشهد أنا سمعنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول: ألا! إن الله عز وجل وليي وأنا ولي المؤمنين،  ألا! فمن كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه،  اللهم! وال من والاه،  وعاد من عاداه،  وأحب من أحبه،  وأبغض من أبغضه،  وأعن من أعانه.

“Asbagh bin Nubātah has narrated that ‘Alī (RA) made people swear in an open plain and asked anyone who had heard the Prophet (SAW) say this to stand up. At this more than thirteen persons stood up including Abū Ayyūb al-Ansārī, Abū ‘Amrah bin ‘Amr bin Muhsan, Abū Zaynab, Sahl bin Hunayf, Khuzaymah bin Thābit, ‘Abdullāh bin Thābit al-Ansārī, Hubshā bin Junādah as-Salūlī, ‘Ubayd bin ‘Āzib al-Ansārī, Nu‘mān bin ‘Ajlān al-Ansārī, Thābit bin Wadī‘ah al-Ansārī, Abū Fadālah al-Ansārī and ‘Abd-ur-Rahmān bin ‘Abd Rab al-Ansārī (RA). All of them said: We bear witness that we heard from the Messenger of Allāh (SAW): Beware! Allāh (SWT) is my Guardian and I am the guardian of the believers. I warn you! One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend him who befriends him (‘Alī) and be his enemy who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy, love him who loves him (‘Alī), bear malice towards him who bears malice towards him and help him who helps him (‘Alī).”[44]


Refrences

[31]. Tabarānī narrated it in al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (7:49, 50 # 6081); and Haythamī in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:128).

[32]. Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it in al-Musnad (1:331); Nasā’ī, Khasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp. 44, 46 # 23); Hākim, al-Musadrak (3:132-134 # 4652); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ul-kabīr (12:77, 78 # 12593); Haythamī, Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:119, 120); and Muhib Tabarī in ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:174, 175), and Dhakhā’ir-ul-‘uqbā fī manāqib dhaw-il-qurbā (pp.156-158).

The words of this tradition as recorded in as-Sunnah (pp.600,601 # 1351) by Ibn Abī ‘Āsim are as follows:

من كنت وليه فعلي وليه.

Who has me as his guardian has ‘Alī as his guardian.

The tradition narrated by Nasā’ī has a sound chain of succession.

Dhahabī graded Hākim’s narrated tradition as sahīh (sound).

Haythamī has said that it has been narrated by Ahmad and Tabarānī and its men are those of sahīh (sound) hadīth except Abū Balj Farāzī while he is thiqah (trustworthy).

[33]. Hindī, while relating it in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (11:608 # 32945), has commented that this tradition has been narrated by Abū Nu‘aym in Fadā’il-us-sahābah on the authority of Zayd bin Arqam (RA) and Barā’ bin al-‘Āzib (RA).

‘Asqalānī also narrated it in al-Isābah fī tamyīz-is-sahābah (4:328).

[34]. Abū Ya‘lā narrated it in al-Musnad (11:307 # 6423): Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:68 # 12141); Haythamī, Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:105, 106); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:175); and Ibn Kathīr in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:174).

[35]. Ahmad bin Hambal related it in al-Musnad (5:366), and Fadā’il-us-sahābah (2:598, 599 # 1021); Bayhaqī, as-Sunan-ul-kubrā (5:131); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:160); and Muhib Tabarī in ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:127).

Nasā’ī graded it sahīh (sound) in Khasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (p.90 # 83).

Diyā’ Maqdisī narrated it with a sound chain of authorities in al-Ahādīth-ul-mukhtārah (2:105 # 479).

Haythamī related it in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:104) and declared that Ahmad’s men are sound (rijāluhū sahīh).

Ibn Kathīr said in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:170; 5:462) that its chain of authorities is jayyid (fine).

[36]. Nasā’ī related it in Khasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp.89, 91 # 82, 85); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (3:134 # 2275); Bayhaqī, as-Sunan-ul-kubrā (5:132); and Mizzī in Tahdhīb-ul-kamāl (22:397, 398).

Ibn ‘Asākir’s narration in Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:159) has eighteen witnesses.

Tabarānī related it in Mu‘jam-us-saghīr (1:64, 65) and it had twelve witnesses, including Abū Hurayrah, Abū Sa‘īd and Anas bin Mālik (RA). Haythamī copied in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:108).

[37]. Tabarānī related it in al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (2:576 # 1987); Haythamī, Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:106); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:157, 158); Muhib Tabarī, ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:127); Hindī, Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:157 # 36485); and Shawkānī in Darr-us-sahābah (p.211).

[38]. Ahmd bin Hambal related it in al-Musnad (1:118); Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:67 # 12140); Tabarānī, al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (3:69, 134 # 2130, 2275), al-Mu‘jam-us-saghīr (1:65); Diyā’ Maqdisī, al-Ahādīth-ul-mukhtārah (2:105, 106 # 480); Abū Nu‘aym, Hilyat-ul-awliyā’ wa tabaqāt-ul-asfiyā’ (5:26); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:160); and Hindī in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:157 # 36485).

Nasā’ī narrated it with sound (sahīh) chain of authorities in Khasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp.90, 100 # 84, 95).

Haythamī said in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:107,108) that Tabarānī’s chain of authorities is hasan (fair).

[39]. The Companions (RA) who took part in defensive war fought at the plain of Badr near Medina after the aggression of Makkans on Medinan Muslims.

[40]. Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it in al-Musnad (1:119); Tahāwī, Mashkal-ul-āthār (2:308); Diyā’ Maqdisī, al-Ahādīth-ul-mukhtārah (2:80, 81 # 458); Khatīb Baghdādī, Tārīkh Baghdad (14:236); Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:156, 157); Ibn Athīr, Asad-ul-ghābah (4:102, 103); Ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:170; 5:461, 462); and Shawkānī in Darr-us-sahābah (p.209).

Ibn ‘Asākir related it from Ziyād bin Abī Ziyād too in Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:161).

Muhib Tabarī related it from Ziyād bin Abī Ziyād in ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:128).

Haythamī says in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:105, 106) that it has been narrated by Abū Ya‘lā in al-Musnad (1:257 # 563) and its men are thiqah (trustworthy).

Hindī says in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:170 # 36515) that this tradition has also been narrated by Ibn Jarīr, Sa‘īd bin Mansūr and Ibn Athīr Jazarī.

Ahmad bin Hambal has related the tradition from Ziyād bin Abī Ziyād also in al-Musnad (1:88); and Haythamī has copied it in Majma‘-uz-zawā’id (9:106) and declared its men trustworthy (rijāluhū thiqah).


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