dinar: an ancient gold coin.
gharīb: a hadīth or version reported by one reliable or
unreliable narrator which differs in context with another hadīth or version
reported by a group of reliable narrators. A gharīb hadīth can be
sahīh (sound) or da‘īf (weak).
hadīth: pl. hadīths or ahādīth. The sayings, practice
and approved traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).
hasan: a hadīth, narrated by a reliable chain of transmission
though not approaching the grade of sahīh (sound) hadīth, but records
a complete chain of narrators up to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).
Imām: one who leads people in prayers; an eminent Islamic scholar.
kawthar: lit. abundance. A pond in Paradise.
sahīh: sound. A hadīth with an unbroken chain of narrators
ranging from the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and approaching an era
through reliable narrators without being shādh (odd) or mu‘allal (faulty)
in between the two cross relaters.
sharī‘ah: lit. road. It is a legal modality of a people based on
the revelation of their prophet/messenger. The last sharī‘ah is that of Islam
that abrogates all previous sharī‘ahs.
sunnah: pl. sunnahs. lit. the path, way or a form, the customary
practice of a person or a group of people. It has come to refer almost exclusively
to the legal way or ways, orders, statements and acts of worship, etc., of the Prophet
Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) which have become the models to be followed by
sūrah: a chapter of the holy Qur’ān. There are 114 chapters in
the holy Qur’ān.