Basic Principles of the Study of Prophet’s Life

مآخذ و مراجع

  1. القرآن الحکیم۔
  2. اقبال، علامہ محمد (1877۔ 1938ء)۔ کلیات (اُردو)۔ لاہور، پاکستان: شیخ غلام نبی اینڈ سنز، 1989ء۔
  3. اقبال، علامہ محمد (1877۔ 1938ء)۔ کلیات (فارسی)۔ لاہور، پاکستان: شیخ غلام نبی اینڈ سنز، 1985ء۔
  4. بخاری، ابو عبد اللہ محمد بن اسماعیل بن ابراہیم بن مغیرہ (194۔ 256ھ / 810۔ 870ء)۔ الصحیح۔ بیروت، لبنان + دمشق، شام: دار القلم، 1401ھ / 1981ء۔
  5. مسلم، ابن الحجاج قشیری (206۔ 261ھ / 821۔ 875ء)۔ الصحیح۔ بیروت، لبنان: دار احیاء التراث العربی۔
  1. Albert Hourani, Europe and the Middle East, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1980.

  2. Amos Perlmutter, Islamic Threat is Clear and Present, Insight on the News, Feb. 15, 1993.
  3. Arthur Goldschmidt Jr., A Concise History of the Middle East, 3rd ed., Westview Press, Boulder, 1908.
  4. Bertram Thomas, The Arabs, London, 1937.
  5. Bodley, R.V.C., The Messenger: The Life of Mohammed, Orientalia, Lahore, 1954.
  6. Bosworth, CE., 'The Historical Background of Islamic Civilization' in R.M. Savory, ed., 'Introduction to Islamic Civilization', CUP, NY, 1980.
  7. David Marquand, Ronald L. Nettler, Religion and Democracy, Blackwell Publishers, 108-Cowley Road, Oxford, OX4 1JF, UK, 2000.
  8. p De. Lacy Johnstone, P., Muhammad and His Followers, T&T Clark, Edinburgh, 1901.
  9. Edward A. Freeman, History and Conquests of the Saracens, Macmillan, Second Edition, London, 1876.
  10. Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Penguin Books Ltd., 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England, 1995.
  11. Edward Saeed, Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine, How we see the rest of the World, Pantheon Books, NY, 1981.
  12. Emile Dermengham, The Life of Mahomet, Translated by Arabella York, George Routledge & Sons, London, 1930.
  13. Fred McGraw Donner, The Early Islamic Conquests, Princeton University Press, 1981.
  14. Fukuyama F., The End of History and the Last Man, Hamish Hamilton, London, 1992.
  15. Gustav Weil, History of the Islamic Peoples, (translation by S. Khuda Bakhsh), University of Calcutta, 1914.
  16. Hamilton A. R. Gibb, Mohammedanism: An Historical Survey, Oxford University Press, 1970 .
  17. Ira Lapidus, A History of Islamic Societies, CUP, NY, 1988.
  18. Jack G. Shaheen, The TV Arab, Bowling Green University Popular Press, Ohio, 1984.
  19. John L. Esposito, The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality, OUP, NY, 1999.
  20. Margoliouth D. S., Mohammed and the Rise of Islam, New York, London, 1905.
  21. Marshall G S., Hougson, The Venture of Islam, 3 Vols, Chicago University Press, Chicago, 1974.
  22. Maxime Rodinson, The Western Image & Western Studies of Islam in Joseph Schacht & C. E. Bosworth, eds., The Legacy of Islam, OUP, Oxford, 1974.
  23. Michael Suleiman, The Arabs in the Mind of America, Amana Books, Brattleboro, 1988.
  24. Paul Coles, The Ottoman Impact on Europe, Brace & World, NY, 1968.
  25. Philip K. Hitti, History of the Arabs, London, 1951.
  26. Ronald Inglehart, Pippa Norris, Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide, CUP, The Pitt Building, Trumpington, Street, Cambridge, UK, 2005.
  27. Runciman, S., A History of the Crusade, CUP, Cambridge, 1951-54.
  28. Saunders, J.J., History of Medieval Islam, London, 1965.
  29. Southern R.W., Western Views of Islam and the Middle Ages, Harvard University Press, 1962.
  30. Stephen Humphreys, R., Islamic History: A Framework for Inquiry, Bibliotheca Islamic, Minneapolis, 1988.
  31. The Encyclopedia Americana, 1947 Edition.
  32. Watt Montgomery Watt, Muhammad, Prophet and Statesman, OUP, 1961.
  33. Will Durant, The Age of Faith: A History of Medieval Civilization Christian, Islamic, and Judaic--from Constantine to Dante: A.D. 325-1300, Simon & Schuster, NY, 1950.
  34. William Muir, Sir, The Life of Mohammed, (Weir's edition), Edinburgh, 1923.
  35. Wilson Cash, W., The Expansion of Islam, London, 1940.

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