Pearls of Remembrance

Chapter 31 - 41

Chapter 31: Allah will shelter His rememberer beneath His shade on the Day of Judgment

179. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: سَبْعَةٌ يُظِلُّهُمْ اللَّهُ فِي ظِلِّهِ يَوْمَ لَا ظِلَّ إِلَّا ظِلُّهُ: الْإِمَامُ الْعَادِلُ، وَشَابٌّ نَشَأَ فِي عِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ، وَرَجُلٌ قَلْبُهُ مُعَلَّقٌ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ، وَرَجُلَانِ تَحَابَّا فِي اللَّهِ اجْتَمَعَا عَلَيْهِ وَتَفَرَّقَا عَلَيْهِ، وَرَجُلٌ طَلَبَتْهُ امْرَأَةٌ ذَاتُ مَنْصِبٍ وَجَمَالٍ فَقَالَ إِنِّي أَخَافُ اللَّهَ، وَرَجُلٌ تَصَدَّقَ أَخْفَى حَتَّى لَا تَعْلَمَ شِمَالُهُ مَا تُنْفِقُ يَمِينُهُ، وَرَجُلٌ ذَكَرَ اللَّهَ خَالِيًا فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “There are seven kinds of people whom Allah (SWT) will shelter beneath His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His: a just ruler; a young man grown up worshipping his Lord; a man whose heart is attached to mosques; two men who love one another, meet and separate only for the sake of Allah; a man whom a woman of rank and beauty invites towards sin but he says, ‘I fear Allah (SWT)’; a person who gives charity so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has spent; a man who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes well.”

180. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَقُولُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ: أَيْنَ الْمُتَحَابُّونَ بِجَلَالِي؟ الْيَوْمَ أُظِلُّهُمْ فِي ظِلِّي يَوْمَ لَا ظِلَّ إِلَّا ظِلِّي.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Allah (SWT) will say on the Day of Resurrection, ‘Where are those who had mutual love for the sake of My glory? Today I will shelter them in My shade when there is no shade but Mine.’”

Chapter 32: The most beloved action in the sight of Allah (SWT) is excessive remembrance

181. عَنْ مُعَاذٍ رضي الله عنه عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم أَنَّ رَجُلًا سَأَلَهُ فَقَالَ: أَيُّ الْجِهَادِ أَعْظَمُ أَجْرًا؟ قَالَ: أَكْثَرُهُمْ لِلَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى ذِكْرًا. قَالَ: فَأَيُّ الصَّائِمِينَ أَعْظَمُ أَجْرًا؟ قَالَ: أَكْثَرُهُمْ لِلَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى ذِكْرًا. ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ لَنَا الصَّلَاةَ وَالزَّكَاةَ وَالْحَجَّ وَالصَّدَقَةَ كُلُّ ذَلِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم يَقُولُ: أَكْثَرُهُمْ لِلَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى ذِكْرًا. فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ رضي الله عنه لِعُمَرَ رضی الله عنه: يَا أَبَا حَفْصٍ! ذَهَبَ الذَّاكِرُونَ بِكُلِّ خَيْرٍ. فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: أَجَلْ.

Muādh (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates from his father who narrates from the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) that a man asked him, “What kind of jihad is the greatest in terms of reward?” He answered, “The one in which Allah (SWT) is remembered greatly.” The man then asked, “Who receive the greatest reward among those who fast?” He replied, “Those of them who remember Allah too much.” The man then asked about prayer, zakah, pilgrimage and charity. The Messenger of Allah said regarding all of them, “The one in which Allah (SWT) is remembered excessively (holds the highest reward).” Upon this, Abu Bakr (رضی اللہ عنہ) said to Umar (رضی اللہ عنہ) , “O Abu Hafs! The people who remember Allah have taken all the rewards.” The Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Of course.”

182. عَنْ مُعَاذٍ بْنِ جَبَلٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم أَكْثِرُوا ذِكْرَ اللهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ. فَلَيْسَ عَمَلٌ أَحَبَّ إِلَى اللهِ وَلاَ أَنْجَى لِعَبْدِهِ مِنْ ذِكْرِ اللهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ.

Muādh ibn Jabal (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Remember Allah (SWT) immensely in all circumstances. No action of man is more beloved to Allah (SWT) and serves more as a saviour in the world and the Hereafter than remembrance of Allah (SWT).”

183. عَنْ أُمِّ أَنَسٍ رضي الله عنها، أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، أَوْصِنِي. قَالَ: اهْجُرِي الْمَعَاصِيَ، فَإِنَّهَا أَفْضَلُ الْهِجْرَةِ. وَحَافِظِي عَلَى الْفَرَائِضِ، فَإِنَّهَا أَفْضَلُ الْجِهَادِ. وَأَكْثِرِي مِنْ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ، فَإِنَّكِ لا تَأْتِينَ اللَّهَ بِشَيْءٍ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ كَثْرَةِ ذِكْرِهِ.

Umm Anas (ل) narrates that she said, “O Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) , bless me with some advice.” He said, “Migrate from sins; that is the best migration. Take care of your duties; that is the best jihad (struggle). And remember Allah (SWT) exceedingly because you cannot present anything to Allah (SWT) which is dearer to Him than massive remembrance.”

184. عَنْ أُمِّ أَنَسٍ رضي الله عنها، قَالَتْ: أَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم، فَقُلْتُ: جَعَلَكَ اللَّهُ فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَأَنَا مَعَكَ، وَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، عَلِّمْنِي عَمَلا صَالِحًا أَعْمَلُهُ. فَقَالَ: أَقِيمِي الصَّلاةَ، فَإِنَّهَا أَفْضَلُ الْجِهَادِ، وَاهْجُرِي الْمَعَاصِي، فَإِنَّهَا أَفْضَلُ الْهِجْرَةِ، وَاذْكُرِي اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا، فَإِنَّهُ أَحَبُّ الأَعْمَالِ إِلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ تَلْقَينَهُ بِهِ.

Umm Anas (ل) narrates, “I visited the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) and said, ‘May Allah (SWT) grant you place in the Assembly of Supreme Companionship (ar-rafiq al-a‘lā) in Paradise and that I be with you!’ I then asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) , teach me a pious act so that I practise it (and avail your company in Paradise).’ He said, ‘Establish prayer because it is the best jihad; give up sins as that is the best hijrah (migration) and remember Allah (SWT) greatly for this action is the most beloved to Allah of the actions which you can forward to Him.’”

185. عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: أَشَدُّ الأَعْمَالِ ثَلاَثَةٌ: ذِكْرُ اللهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ، وَالإنْصَافُ مِن نَفْسِكَ، وَالْمُوَاسَاةُ فِي الْمَالِ.

Abu Jafar (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Three actions are the most powerful: to remember Allah persistently in all circumstances, to do justice on one’s part and to let people share one’s wealth.”

186. عَنْ عَلِيٍّ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: أَشَدُّ الأعْمَال ثَلاَثَةٌ: إعْطَاءُ الْحَقِّ مِن نَفْسِكَ، وَذِكْرُ اللهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ، وَمُوَاسَاةُ الأخِ فِي الْمَالِ.

Ali (رضی اللہ عنہ) said، “Three deeds are most powerful: to give people their rights, to remember Allah (SWT) in every state and to let your brother share your wealth.”

187. عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رضي الله عنهما قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: أَشَدُّ الأعْمَال ثَلاَثَةٌ: إنْصَافُ النَّاسِ مِن نَفْسِكَ، مُوَاسَاةُ الأخِ مِنْ مَالِكَ، وَذِكْرُ اللهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ.

Abdullah ibn Umar (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Three deeds are most powerful: to do justice on your part, to let people share your wealth and to remember Allah in every circumstance.”

188. عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي الله عنهما فِي قَولِهِ (اُذکُرُواْ اللهَ ذِکْراً کَثِيراً) يَقُولُ: لاَ يَفْرِضُ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ فَرِيضَةً إِلاَّ جَعَلَ لَهَا حَدًّا مَعْلُومًا ثُمَّ عَذَّرَ أَهْلَهَا فِي حَالِ عُذْرٍ غَيْرَ الذِّكْرِ. فَإِنَّ اللهَ لَمْ يَجْعَلُ لَهُ حَدًّا يَنْتَهِي إِلَيْهِ وَلَمْ يُعَذِّرْ أَحَدًا فِي تَرْكِهِ إِلاَّ مَغْلُوبًا عَلَى عَقْلِهِ فَقَالَ: فَاذْكُرُوا اللهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلُى جُنُوبِكُمْ بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَفِي السَّفَرِ وَالْحَضَرِ وَالْغِنَى وَالْفَقَرِ وَالصِّحَةِ وَالسّقْمِ وَالسِّرِّ وَالْعَلاَنِيَّةِ وَعَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ...

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضی اللہ عنھما) elaborates the Qur’anic verse “Remember Allah excessively.” He says, “Whatever Allah has prescribed as obligatory is delineated. He exempted the handicapped for the peculiar handicaps except Allah’s remembrance. The obligation of remembrance is the only exception. Allah (SWT) has not set for it any limit, nor has He accepted any excuse to abandon it except the insane. He said, ‘Remember Allah (SWT) standing, sitting, on your sides during the night and the day, on land and at sea, during journey and at home, in poverty and in prosperity, in health and in sickness, secretly and openly – remember Him under all circumstances.’”

189. عَنْ مُقَاتِلٍ فِي قَولِهِ (اُذکُرُواْ اللهَ ذِکْراً کَثِيراً) قَالَ: بِاللِّسَانِ بِالتَّسْبِيْحِ وَالتَّكْبِيْرِ وَالتَّهْلِيْلِ وَالتَّحْمِيْدِ وَاذْكُرُوهُ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ.

Muqatal, interpreting Allah’s words “Remember Allah abundantly” says, “It means remember Him in every condition with the tongue (by saying) Subhan Allah (Allah is Pure), Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Supremely Great), la ilaha illallah (there is no God but Allah) and alhamdu lillah (Praise be to Allah).”

Chapter 33: The one granted a remembering tongue is blessed with the best of this world and the Hereafter

190. عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي الله عنهما، أَنّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: أَرْبَعٌ مَنْ أُعْطِيَهُنَّ أُعْطِيَ خَيْرَ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ: قَلْبًا شَاكِرًا، وَلِسَانًا ذَاكِرًا، وَبَدَنًا عَلَى الْبَلاءِ صَابِرًا، وَزَوْجَةً لا تَبْغِيهِ خَوْنًا فِي نَفْسِهَا وَلا مَالِهِ.

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Whoever has been granted four things has been blessed with the best of this world and the Hereafter: a grateful heart, a tongue that remembers Allah (SWT), a body which is patient during suffering, and a wife who is not unfaithful to her husband and is not dishonest with regard to his property.”

191. عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ (وَالَّذِينَ يَكْنِزُونَ الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ) قَالَ: كُنَّا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم فِي بَعْضِ أَسْفَارِهِ. فَقَالَ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِهِ: أُنْزِلَ فِي الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ مَا أُنْزِلَ. لَوْ عَلِمْنَا أَيُّ الْمَالِ خَيْرٌ فَنَتَّخِذَهُ! فَقَالَ: أَفْضَلُهُ لِسَانٌ ذَاكِرٌ وَقَلْبٌ شَاكِرٌ وَزَوْجَةٌ مُؤْمِنَةٌ تُعِينُهُ عَلَى إِيمَانِهِ.

Thawban (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates, “We were with the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) on one of his journeys when the verse ‘…those who gather gold and silver…’ was revealed. One of his Companions said, ‘This verse has come down regarding gold and silver. Would that we knew what wealth is best so that we might acquire it!’ The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, ‘The best wealth is a tongue which remembers Allah (SWT), a heart which is grateful and a believing wife who assists him in his faith.’”

192. عَنْ مُعَاذٍ رضي الله عنه أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم عَنْ أَفْضَلِ الْإِيمَانِ. قَالَ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: أَنْ تُحِبَّ لِلَّهَ وَتُبْغِضَ لِلَّهِ وَتُعْمِلَ لِسَانَكَ فِي ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ. قَالَ: وَمَاذَا، يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ: وَأَنْ تُحِبَّ لِلنَّاسِ مَا تُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِكَ وَتَكْرَهَ لَهُمْ مَا تَكْرَهُ لِنَفْسِكَ.

Muādh ibn Anas (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that he asked the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) what was the most excellent aspect of faith. He replied, “That you should love for Allah’s sake and hate for Allah’s sake, and that your tongue should remain busy in remembering Allah (SWT).” Muādh (رضی اللہ عنہ) further asked, “Anything else, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “That you should like for others what you like yourself, and dislike for others what you dislike yourself.”

193. عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ رضي الله عنه، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم لِمُعَاذِ بن جَبَلٍ رضی الله عنه: يَا مُعَاذُ، قَلْبًا شَاكِرًا، وَلِسَانًا ذَاكِرًا، وَزَوْجَةً صَالِحَةً تُعِينُكَ عَلَى أَمْرِ دُنْيَاكَ وَدِينِكَ خَيْرُ مَا اكْتَسَبَهُ النَّاسُ.

Abu Umāmah (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said to Muādh ibn Anas (رضی اللہ عنہ) , “O Muādh, a grateful heart, a tongue which remembers Allah (SWT), and a wife who helps you with your worldly and religious matters are the best of what people can acquire.”

194. عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رضي الله عنهما قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: لاَ تُكْثِرُوا الْكَلَامَ بِغَيْرِ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ، فَإِنَّ كَثْرَةَ الْكَلَامِ بِغَيْرِ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ قَسْوَةٌ لِلْقَلْبِ. وَإِنَّ أَبْعَدَ النَّاسِ مِنْ اللَّهِ الْقَلْبُ الْقَاسِي.

Abdullah ibn Umar (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Do not talk a lot without remembrance of Allah (SWT), because much talk without remembrance of Allah (SWT) is hardness of heart. And the one who is farthest from Allah is he who has a hard heart.”

195. عَنْ جُلاَّسِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو سِنَان رضي الله عنه عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: إنَّ لِكُلِّ سَاعٍ غَايَةٌ وَغَايَةُ ابْنِ آدَمَ الْمَوْتُ. فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِذِكْرِ اللهِ فَإنَّهُ يُسْهِلُكُمْ وَيَرْغَبُكُمْ فِي الآخِرَةِ.

Jalas ibn Amr Sanan (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Everyone who strives has an end and the end of Adam’s son is death. So, you must remember Allah (SWT) because it will ease your end (i.e. death) for you and will incline you towards the Hereafter.”

Chapter 34: People of Paradise will regret every moment spent without remembrance of Allah

196. عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رضي الله عنها قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: مَا مِنْ سَاعَةٍ تَمُرُّ بِابْنِ آدَمَ لَمْ يَذْكُرِ اللهَ فِيْهَا إلاَّ تَحَسَّرَ عَلَيْهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ.

Āisha (ل) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “On the Day of Resurrection man will regret every moment he spends without remembering Allah (SWT).”

197. عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ رضي الله عنه، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: لَيْسَ يَتَحَسَّرُ أَهْلُ الْجَنَّةِ إِلا عَلَى سَاعَةٍ مَرَّتْ بِهِمْ لَمْ يَذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِيهَا.

Muādh ibn Jabal (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “The people of Paradise will not regret anything except the moment which they spent without remembering Allah (SWT).”

198. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: مَا مِنْ قَوْمٍ يَقُومُونَ مِنْ مَجْلِسٍ لاَ يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ فِيهِ إِلَّا قَامُوا عَنْ مِثْلِ جِيفَةِ حِمَارٍ وَكَانَ لَهُمْ حَسْرَةً.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “The collection of people who leave a remembrance session without remembering Allah (SWT) are like a dead ass and this (state of theirs) is regrettable.”

199. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: مَا جَلَسَ قَوْمٌ مَجْلِسًا فَتَفَرَّقُوا عَنْ غَيْرِ ذِكْرٍ إِلَّا تَفَرَّقُوا عَنْ مِثْلِ جِيفَةِ حِمَارٍ وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ الْمَجْلِسُ عَلَيْهِمْ حَسْرَةً يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ.

According to Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “The people who sit in a remembrance assembly and disperse without remembering Allah are like a dead donkey and this assembly will lament on them on the Day of Resurrection.”

200. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ: مَنْ قَعَدَ مَقْعَدًا لَمْ يَذْكُرِ اللَّهَ فِيهِ كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ اللَّهِ تِرَةٌ، وَمَنِ اضْطَجَعَ مَضْجَعًا لَا يَذْكُرُ اللَّهَ فِيهِ كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ اللَّهِ تِرَةٌ.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “He who sits in a place where Allah is not remembered runs into a loss decreed by Allah. And he who lies on a bed where Allah is not remembered he also runs into a loss decreed by Allah.”

201. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: مَا جَلَسَ قَوْمٌ مَجْلِسًا لَمْ يَذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِيهِ وَلَمْ يُصَلُّوا عَلَى نَبِيِّهِمْ إِلَّا كَانَ عَلَيْهِمْ تِرَةً. فَإِنْ شَاءَ عَذَّبَهُمْ وَإِنْ شَاءَ غَفَرَ لَهُمْ.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates from the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) , “The people who sit in an assembly but do not remember Allah (SWT) and do not send blessings upon their Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) will be seized. Then if Allah desires He may punish them and if He wills He may forgive them.”

202. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: مَا قَعَدَ قَوْمٌ مَقْعَدًا لَا يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ عزوجل وَيُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم إِلَّا كَانَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَسْرَةً يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَإِنْ دَخَلُوا الْجَنَّةَ لِلثَّوَابِ.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates from the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) , “If a people sit in a gathering but do not remember Allah (SWT) nor send blessings upon the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) , they will deplore (this loss) on the Resurrection Day even if they enter Paradise as reward for their piety.”

203. عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُغَفَّلٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: مَا مِنْ قَوْمٍ اجْتَمَعُوا فِي مَجْلِسٍ فَتَفَرَّقُوا وَلَمْ يَذْكُرُوا اللهَ إلاَّ كَانَ ذَلِكَ الْمَجْلِسُ حَسْرَةً عَلَيْهِمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ.

Abdullah ibn Mugaffal (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “If some people gather in an assembly and disperse without remembering Allah this assembly will deplore and regret them on the Day of Resurrection.”

Chapter 35: Remembrance of Allah (SWT) illumines hearts

204. عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ رضي الله عنهما عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم أنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ صِقَالَةً وَأنَّ صِقَالَةَ الْقُلُوبِ ذِكْرُ اللهِ. وَمَا مِنْ شَيءٍ أَنْجَى مِنْ عَذَابِ اللهِ مِنْ ذِكْرِ اللهِ. قَالُوا: وَلاَ الْجِهَادُ فِي سَبِيْلِ اللهِ؟ قَالَ: وَلَو أنْ تَضْرِبَ بِسَيْفِكَ حَتَّى يَنْقَطِعَ.

Abdullah ibn Umar (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) used to say, “Everything has a shiner that makes it shine and indeed the shiner of hearts is remembrance of Allah (SWT). There is no greater savior than remembrance of Allah to deliver from Allah’s torment. The Companions asked, “Not even jihad in the path of Allah?” He replied, “No, even if you wield your sword until it is broken.”

205. قَالَ أَبُو الدَّرْدَاءِ رضی الله عنه: إنَّ لِكُلِّ شَيءٍ جَلاَءً وَإنَّ جَلاَءَ الْقُلُوبِ ذِكْرُ اللهِ عزوجل.

Abu Darda (رضی اللہ عنہ) states, “There is a shiner for everything and for hearts it is remembrance of Allah (SWT).”

206. عَنْ عَوْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: ذِكْرُ اللهِ صِقَالُ الْقُلُوبِ.

Awn ibn Abdullah (رضی اللہ عنہ) states, “Remembrance of Allah (SWT) is a shiner of hearts.”

207. عَنْ أبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: مَنْ أَكْثَرَ ذِكْرَ اللهِ فَقَدَ بَرِءَ مِنَ النِّفَاقِ.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Whoever remembers Allah (SWT) excessively is purified of hypocrisy.”

Chapter 36: Remembrance of Allah (SWT) cures hearts

208. عَنْ مَكْحُولٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: إنَّ ذِكْرَ اللهِ شِفَاءٌ, وَإنَّ ذِكْرَ النَّاسِ دَاءٌ.

Makhūl narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Indeed, remembrance of Allah (SWT) is a cure and remembrance of people is an illness.”

209. حَفْصَةُ بِنْتُ عُمَرَ رضي الله عنهما قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: يَا حَفْصَةَ، إيَّاكَ وَكَثْرَةَ الْكَلاَمِ، فَإنَّ كَثْرَةَ الْكَلاَمِ بِغَيْرِ ذِكْرِ اللهِ تَمِيْتُ الْقَلْبِ. وَعَلَيْكِ بِكَثْرَةِ ذِكْرِ اللهِ فَإنَّهُ يُحْيِى الْقَلْبَ.

Umm-ul-Muminīn Hafsah bint Umar (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) blessed her with his holy advice, “O Hafsah, eschew talking too much because too much talking except remembrance of Allah kills the heart. And remember Allah (SWT) greatly and persistently because it gives life to the heart.”

210. عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رضي الله عنهما قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: لاَ تُكْثِرُوا الْكَلَامَ بِغَيْرِ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ، فَإِنَّ كَثْرَةَ الْكَلَامِ بِغَيْرِ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ قَسْوَةٌ لِلْقَلْبِ، وَإِنَّ أَبْعَدَ النَّاسِ مِنْ اللَّهِ الْقَلْبُ الْقَاسِي.

Abdullah ibn Umar (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Do not talk much without remembering Allah because excessive talk without Allah’s remembrance hardens hearts. And of men the farthest from Allah is the callous-hearted.”

211. عَنْ أُمِّ حَبِيبَةَ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ رضي الله عنها عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: كُلُّ كَلَامِ ابْنِ آدَمَ عَلَيْهِ لاَ لَهُ إِلاَّ أَمْرٌ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ نَهْيٌ عَنْ مُنْكَرٍ أَوْ ذِكْرُ اللَّهِ.

Umm-ul-Muminīn Umm Habibah (ل) narrates from the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) , “Except for commanding the right and forbidding the wrong and remembering Allah, no utterance of Adam’s son goes to his favour.”

212. عَنْ أَنَسٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: ذِكْرُ اللهِ شِفَاءُ الْقُلُوبِ.

Anas (رضی اللہ عنہ) states, “Remembrance of Allah (SWT) is a cure for hearts.”

213. عَنْ عَوْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ قَالَ: مَجَالِسُ الذِّكْرِ شِفَاءُ الْقُلُوبِ.

Awn ibn Abdullah states, “Dhikr sittings are a cure for hearts.”

Chapter 37: Remembrance of Allah (SWT) is better than freeing slaves

214. عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: لَأَنْ أَقْعُدَ مَعَ قَوْمٍ يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى مِنْ صَلَاةِ الْغَدَاةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ أَعْتِقَ أَرْبَعَةً مِنْ وَلَدِ إِسْمَعِيلَ، وَلَأَنْ أَقْعُدَ مَعَ قَوْمٍ يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ مِنْ صَلَاةِ الْعَصْرِ إِلَى أَنْ تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ أَعْتِقَ أَرْبَعَةً.

Anas ibn Malik (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Sitting with rememberers of Allah (SWT) after the fajr (morning) prayer till sunrise is more pleasing to me than setting free four slaves of the descendants of Ismail, and sitting with rememberers of Allah (SWT) after the asr (afternoon) prayer till sunset is more pleasing to me than setting free four slaves.”

215. عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: لَأَنْ أَجْلِسَ مَعَ قَوْمٍ يَذْكُرُوْنَ اللهَ بَعْدَ صَلاَةِ الصُّبْحِ إِلَى أَنْ تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِمَّا طَلَعَتْ عَلَيْهِ الشَّمْسُ. وَلَأَنْ أَجْلِسَ مَعَ قَوْمٍ يَذْكُرُونَ اللهَ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ إِلَى أَنْ تَغِيْبَ الشَّمْسَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ أَعْتِقَ ثَمَانِيَةً مِنْ وَلَدِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ دِيَةَ كُلِّ رَجُلٍ مِنْهُمُ اثْنَا عَشَرَ أَلْفًا.

Anas ibn Malik (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Sitting with rememberers of Allah (SWT) from the fajr (morning) prayer till sunrise is more beloved to me than anything else where the sun rises. Sitting with rememberers of Allah (SWT) from the asr (afternoon) prayer till sunset is more beloved to me than freeing eight people of the Children of Ismail, costing twelve thousand each.”

216. عَنْ سَالِمٍ قَالَ: قِيلَ لِأَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ رضی الله عنه: إِنَّ أَبَا سَعْدِ بْنِ مُنَبَّهٍ جَعَلَ فِيْ مَالِهِ مِائَةَ مُحَرَّرَةٍ. فَقَالَ: إِنَّ مِائَةَ مُحَرَّرَةٍ فِيْ مَالِ رَجُلٍ لَكَثِيْرٌ. أَلاَ أُخْبِرُكُمْ بِأَفْضَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ؟ إِيْمَانٌ مَلْزُومٌ بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَلاَ يَزَالُ لِسَانُكَ رَطْبًا مِنْ ذِكْرِ اللهِ.

Salim narrates that Abu Darda (رضی اللہ عنہ) was told, “Abu Sa‘d ibn Munabbih has freed one hundred slaves out of his own wealth.” Abu Darda said, “Surely setting free a hundred slaves spending one’s property is a great thing, but shall I not tell you of something which is superior to that? That is steadfastness in your faith day and night and full time engagement of tongue in remembrance of Allah.”

Chapter 38: Remembrance of Allah delivers from the torment of Hell-Fire

217. عَنْ أَنَسٍ رضي الله عنه عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: يَقُولُ اللهُ: أَخْرِجُوْا مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ ذَكَرَنِي يَوْمًا أَوْ خَافَنِي فِي مَقَامٍ.

Anas ibn Mālik (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates from the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) , “Allah (SWT) will say, ‘Pull him out of Hell who remembered Me some day or feared Me at some point.’”

218. عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رضي الله عنه أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: مَنْ ذَكَرَ اللهَ فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ مِنْ خَشْيَةِ اللهِ حَتَّى يُصِيْبَ الْأَرْضَ مِنْ دَمُوعِهِ، لَمْ يُعَذِّبْهُ اللهُ تَعَالَى يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ.

Anas ibn Mālik (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Whoever remembers Allah (SWT) and his eyes well with tears for fear of Allah (SWT), and the tears fall and wet the ground, Allah will not torment him at all on the Day of Resurrection.”

219. عَنْ أُبَيِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ رضي الله عنه إِذَا ذَهَبَ ثُلُثَا اللَّيْلِ قَامَ، فَقَالَ: يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ! اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ، اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ. جَاءَتِ الرَّاجِفَةُ تَتْبَعُهَا الرَّادِفَةُ. جَاءَ الْمَوْتُ بِمَا فِيهِ، جَاءَ الْمَوْتُ بِمَا فِيهِ.

Ubayy ibn Ka‘b narrates that when two-third night had passed, the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) stood up and said, “O people, remember Allah (SWT), remember Allah (SWT). The Jolting (Hour) has come and the one that follows is also approaching; the death has come with its agony; the death has come with its agony.”

220. عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو رضي الله عنهما يَقُولُ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: يُصَاحُ بِرَجُلٍ مِنْ أُمَّتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى رُءُوسِ الْخَلَائِقِ فَيُنْشَرُ لَهُ تِسْعَةٌ وَتِسْعُونَ سِجِلًّا كُلُّ سِجِلٍّ مَدَّ الْبَصَرِ. ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ عزوجل: هَلْ تُنْكِرُ مِنْ هَذَا شَيْئًا؟ فَيَقُولُ: لَا، يَا رَبِّ. فَيَقُولُ: أَظَلَمَتْكَ كَتَبَتِي الْحَافِظُونَ؟ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ: أَلَكَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ حَسَنَةٌ؟ فَيُهَابُ الرَّجُلُ، فَيَقُولُ: لَا. فَيَقُولُ: بَلَى، إِنَّ لَكَ عِنْدَنَا حَسَنَاتٍ وَإِنَّهُ لَا ظُلْمَ عَلَيْكَ الْيَوْمَ. فَتُخْرَجُ لَهُ بِطَاقَةٌ فِيهَا ’’أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ.‘‘ قَالَ: فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ مَا هَذِهِ الْبِطَاقَةُ مَعَ هَذِهِ السِّجِلَّاتِ؟ فَيَقُولُ: إِنَّكَ لَا تُظْلَمُ فَتُوضَعُ السِّجِلَّاتُ فِي كِفَّةٍ، وَالْبِطَاقَةُ فِي كِفَّةٍ، فَطَاشَتْ السِّجِلَّاتُ وَثَقُلَتِ الْبِطَاقَةُ.

Abdullah ibn Amr (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “On the Day of Resurrection a man from my ummah (community) will be called in front of people, with ninety-nine registers spread out in front of him. The length of each register will be as far as the eye can see. Allah (SWT) will then say, ‘Can you deny anything that is inside them?’ The man will reply, ‘O my Lord, no.’ Then Allah (SWT) will say, ‘Did my angels who record deeds wrong you any way?’ He will then say, ‘Do you have any pious deed in addition to this?’ The man will be terrified and say, ‘No.’ Allah (SWT) will say, ‘Why not, indeed We have your pious deeds (recorded) with Us and indeed you will not be oppressed today.’ A card will be taken out for him that will read, ‘I bear witness that there is no God but Allah (SWT) and that Muhammad (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) is His servant and His Messenger.’” The Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “That man will say, ‘What will this card do against these registers?’ Allah (SWT) will say, ‘You will not be wronged.’ Then the registers will be placed in one scale (of the balance) and the card in the other scale. The registers will rise up and the card will weigh heavier.”

Chapter 39: Allah’s remembrance delivers from Satan

221. عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: إنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ وَاضِعٌ خُطَمَهُ عَلَى قَلْبِ بْنِ آدَمَ. فَإِنَّ ذِكْرَ اللهِ خَنَسَ وَإِنْ نَسِيَ الْتَقَمَ قَلْبُهُ. فَذَلِكَ الْوَسْوَاسُ الْخَنَّاسُ.

Anas ibn Mālik (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Satan has placed his mouth upon the heart of Adam’s son. If he remembers Allah (SWT) Satan moves away, and if he forgets to remember Allah (SWT) Satan eats the mouthful of his heart. And this is (referred to in Allah’s words), ‘The Whisperer of evil who withdraws.’”

222. عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي الله عنهما فِي قَوْلِهِ (الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ) قَالَ: الشَّيْطَانُ جَاثِمٌ عَلَى قَلْبِ ابْنِ آدَمَ. فَإذَا سَهَا وَغَفَلَ وَسْوَسَ، وإِذَا ذَكَرَ اللهَ خَنَسَ.

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضی اللہ عنھما) says about Allah’s words: ‘The Whisperer (of evil) who withdraws,’ “Satan rides man’s heart every moment. If he forgets or neglects, Satan whispers evil (into his mind). But when he remembers Allah, Satan withdraws.”

223. عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ شَقِيْقٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: مَا مِنْ آدَمِيٍّ إِلاَّ لِقَلْبِهِ بَيْتَانِ: فِي أَحَدِهِمَا الْمَلَكُ وَفِي الآخَرِ الشَّيْطَانُ. فَإِذَا ذَكَرَ اللهَ خَنَسَ، وَإِذَا لَمْ يَذْكُرِ اللهَ وَضَعَ مِنْقَارِهِ فِي قَلْبِهِ وَوَسْوَسَ.

Abdullah ibn Shaqiq (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “There are two compartments in everybody’s heart. In one of them reside angels while in the other dwells Satan. When a man remembers Allah (SWT), Satan moves away and when he does not remember Allah (SWT), Satan puts his beak (mouth) into his heart and whispers evil into it.”

224. عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي الله عنهما قَالَ: مَا مِنْ مَوْلُوْدٍ إِلاَّ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ الْوَسْوَاسُ. فَإِنْ ذَكَرَ اللهَ خَنَسَ وَإِنْ غَفَلَ وَسْوَسَ وَهُوَ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى (الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ).

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates, “There is nobody born without one who whispers evil into his heart. So if the servant remembers Allah (SWT) the whisperer moves away, and if he neglects, the whisperer whispers evil. It refers to the words of Allah, ‘The Whisperer (of evil) who withdraws.’”

225. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّه صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ: يَعْقِدُ الشَّيْطَانُ عَلَى قَافِيَةِ رَأْسِ أَحَدِكُمْ، إِذَا هُوَ نَامَ، ثَلَاثَ عُقَدٍ. يَضْرِبُ كُلَّ عُقْدَةٍ: عَلَيْكَ لَيْلٌ طَوِيلٌ، فَارْقُدْ. فَإِنِ اسْتَيْقَظَ فَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ انْحَلَّتْ عُقْدَةٌ. فَإِنْ تَوَضَّأَ انْحَلَّتْ عُقْدَةٌ. فَإِنْ صَلَّى انْحَلَّتْ عُقْدَةٌ. فَأَصْبَحَ نَشِيطًا طَيِّبَ النَّفْسِ وَإِلَّا أَصْبَحَ خَبِيثَ النَّفْسِ كَسْلاَنَ.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “When one of you goes to sleep, Satan ties three knots at the back of his neck, sealing every knot with, ‘You have a long night, so sleep on.’ If he wakes and remembers Allah, then one knot is untied. If he performs ablution, the second knot is untied. Then if he prays, the third knot is untied. In the morning he will be active and in good spirits, otherwise he will be in bad spirits and lazy in the morning.”

226. عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي الله عنهما قَالَ: قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: قَالَ إِبْلِيسُ: يَا رَبِّ، كُلُّ خَلْقِكَ قَدْ سِبْتَ أَرْزَاقَهُمْ، فَمَا رِزْقِي؟ قَالَ: كُلْ مَا لَمْ يُذْكَرْ اسْمِي عَلَيْهِ.

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Satan said, ‘O Lord, Whatever You have created You have also provided it subsistence. So fix my food as well. Allah (SWT) said, ‘Everything on which My name is not invoked is your food.’”

227. عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي الله عنهما قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: مَنْ عَجَزَ مِنْكُمْ عَنِ اللَّيْلِ أَن يُّكَابِدَهُ وَبَخِلَ بِالْمَالِ أَن يُّنْفِقَهُ وَجَبُنَ عَنِ الْعُدُوِّ أَن يُّجَاهِدَهُ، فَلْيَكْثُرْ مِنْ ذِكرِ اللهِ.

Abullah ibn Abbas (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Whoever among you is unable to bear the burden of worshipping at night, is stingy in spending his wealth and is a coward when it comes to fighting the enemy should remember Allah (SWT) greatly.”

228. عَنْ جَابِرٍ رضي الله عنه عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ: غَطُّوا الْإِنَاءَ، وَأَوْكُوا السِّقَاءَ، وَأَغْلِقُوا الْبَابَ، وَأَطْفِئُوا السِّرَاجَ، فَإِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لَا يَحُلُّ سِقَاءً وَلَا يَفْتَحُ بَابًا وَلَا يَكْشِفُ إِنَاءً. فَإِنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَّا أَنْ يَعْرُضَ عَلَى إِنَائِهِ عُودًا وَيَذْكُرَ اسْمَ اللَّهِ، فَلْيَفْعَلْ، فَإِنَّ الْفُوَيْسِقَةَ تُضْرِمُ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ بَيْتَهُمْ.

Jabir (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “Cover the vessels, tie up the water-skin, shut the doors and extinguish the lamp, because Satan does not loosen a water-skin or open a door or uncover a vessel. If one of you cannot find anything but a piece of wood to put over his vessel and invoke His name on it, let him do so, because harmful things (mice) set a house on fire.”

Chapter 40: Allah’s remembrance will unburden the rememberers on the Day of Judgment

229. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: سَبَقَ الْمُفْرِدُونَ. قَالُوا: وَمَا الْمُفْرِدُونَ، يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ: الْمُسْتَهْتَرُونَ فِي ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ، يَضَعُ الذِّكْرُ عَنْهُمْ أَثْقَالَهُمْ، فَيَأْتُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ خِفَافًا.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “The mufarradun have taken the lead.” The Companions asked, “Who are the mufarradun, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “They are the people who have been intoxicated by remembrance of Allah (SWT) so much that they have gone insane. Dhikr will relieve them of their burden and they will come to Allah (SWT) on the Day of Resurrection fully relieved.”

230. عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: كُنَّا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم فِي سَفَرٍ، فَقَالَ: سَبَقَ الْمُفْرِدُوْنَ. قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ، وَمَا الْمُفْرِدُوْنَ؟ قَالَ: الْمُفْرِدُوْنَ بِذِكْرِ اللهِ وَضَعَ الذِّكْرُ عَنْهُمْ أَثْقَالَهُمْ. فَيَأْتُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ خِفَافًا.

Abu Darda (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates, “When we were with the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) on a journey, he said: ‘The mufarradun have taken the lead.’ The Companions asked, ‘Who are the mufarradun, O Messenger of Allah?’ He replied: ‘They are the ones who have been intoxicated by remembrance of Allah. The dhikr will relieve them of their burdens, so on the Day of Resurrection they will come to Allah relieved.’”

Chapter 41: “He is overwhelmed”

231. عَنْ جَابِرٍ رضي الله عنه أَنَّ رَجُلاً كَانَ يَرْفَعُ صَوْتَهُ بِالذِّكْرِ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ: لَوْ أَنَّ هَذَا خَفَضَ مِنْ صَوْتِهِ. فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم: فَإِنَّهُ أَوَّاهٌ. قَالَ: فَمَاتَ فَرَأَى رَجُلٌ نَارًا فِي قَبْرِهِ فَأَتَاهُ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم فِيْهِ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ: هَلُمُّوا إِلَى صَاحِبِكُمْ. فَإِذَا هُوَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي كَانَ يَرْفَعُ صَوْتَهُ بِالذِّكْرِ.

Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates that a man used to remember Allah (SWT) loudly so another man said that it would be better if he lowered his voice. The Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “He is ecstatic.” When he died, a man saw light in his grave so he approached it. He saw the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) was already there and was saying, “Come to this friend of yours. He is the same man who used to raise his voice while doing dhikr.”

232. عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ رضي الله عنهما قَالَ: رَأَى نَاسٌ نَارًا فِي الْمَقْبَرَةِ فَأَتُوْهَا فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم فِي الْقَبْرِ وَإِذَا هُوَ يَقُولُ: نَاوِلُونِي صَاحِبَكُمْ. وَإِذَا هُوَ الرَّجُلُ الأَوَّاهُ الَّذِي يَرْفَعُ صَوْتَهُ بِالذِّكْرِ.

Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates, “People saw light in the graveyard and when they approached it they saw the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) standing in a grave. He was saying, ‘Pass your companion to me.’ He (the dead) was the same ecstatic man who used to raise his voice while remembering Allah.’”

233. عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ رضي الله عنهما قَالَ: رَأَى نَاسٌ نَارًا فِي الْمَقْبَرَةِ، فَأَتَوْهَا، فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم فِي الْقَبْرِ وَإِذَا هُوَ يَقُولُ: نَاوِلُونِي صَاحِبَكُمْ. فَإِذَا هُوَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي كَانَ يَرْفَعُ صَوْتَهُ بِالذِّكْرِ.

Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضی اللہ عنھما) narrates, “People sighted fire in a grave and came to it. The Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) , already standing in the grave, was saying, ‘Pass your companion to me.’ He was the man who raised his voice in the course of remembering Allah.”

234. عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ رضي الله عنه أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ رضي الله عنه قَالَ لِرَجُلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ ذُو الْبِجَادَيْنِ: إِنَّهُ أَوَّاهٌ. وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ كَثِيرَ الذِّكْرِ لِلَّهِ عزوجل فِي الْقُرْآنِ وَيَرْفَعُ صَوْتَهُ فِي الدُّعَاءِ.

Uqbah ibn Amir (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates that the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said about a man who was known as Dhul Bijadayn, “He is lost (in love of Allah),” because he used to remember Allah (SWT) a lot by reciting the Qur’an and raised his voice while making supplication.

235. عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم يَسِيرُ فِي طَرِيقِ مَكَّةَ، فَمَرَّ عَلَى جَبَلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ جُمْدَانُ، فَقَالَ: سِيرُوا، هَذَا جُمْدَانُ، سَبَقَ الْمُفَرِّدُونَ. قَالُوا: وَمَا الْمُفَرِّدُونَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ: الذَّاكِرُونَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتُ.

Abu Huraira (رضی اللہ عنہ) narrates when the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) was travelling on his way to Makkah and came to a mountain called Jumdan, he said, “Go on, this is Jumdan; the mufarradun have gone ahead.” The Companions asked, “Who are the mufarradun, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “Those men and women who remember Allah greatly.”


Refrences

  1. 1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (1:234#629)
    2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (2:517#1357)
    3. Muslim, as-Sahih (2:715#1031)
    4. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (4:598#2391)
    5. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (2:439#9663)
    6. Malik, al-Muwatta (2:952#1709)
    7. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (16:332#7338)
    8. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (3:243#3439)
  2. 1. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1988#2566)
    2. Malik, al-Muwatta (2:952#1708)
    3. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (2:370#8818)
    4. Darimi, as-Sunan (2:403#2757)
    5. Ibn Mubarak, az-Zuhd (1:247#711)
    6. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (2:334#574)
    7. Tayalisi, al-Musnad (p. 307#2335)
    8. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (10:232)
    9. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (6:482#989)
  3. 1. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (3:438)
    2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (20:186#407)
    3. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:444)
    4. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:257#2309)
    5. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:74)
    6. Husayni, al-Bayan wat-tarif (1:132#348)
  4. 1. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:395#520)
    2. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (1:426#1836)
    3. Hindi, Kanz-ul-ummal (2:243#3931)
    4. Ajlawni, Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (1:188#498)
  5. 1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (25:129#313)
    2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (7:21#6735)
    3. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (7:51#6822)
    4. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:217,218)
    5. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:75)
    6. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:257#2311)
    7. Qarshi, al-Wara (p. 58#48)
  6. 1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (25:150#359)
    2. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:75)
    3. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:257#2311)
    Tabarani said the narrator of the tradition, Umm Anas, is not the mother of Anas ibn Malik.
  7. 1. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (7:80#34340)
    2. Ibn Mubarak, az-Zuhd (p. 257#744)
    3. Hakeem Tirmidhi, Nawadir-ul-usul fi ahadith ar-rasul (4:106)
    4. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (3:183)
    5. Thaalabi said in Jawahir-ul-hisan fi tafsir al-Quran (4:35) Ibn Mubarak has narrated it in az-Zuhd war-raqaiq with his own chain of narrators.
    6. Suyuti said in ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir bil-mathur (1:367) Ibn Abi Shaybah related it through Abu Jafar.
    7. Suyuti said in ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir bil-mathur (4:75) Abu Nuaym, too, transmitted it in al-Hilyah through Abu Jafar.
  8. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (1:85)
  9. Qazwini, at-Tadwin fi akhbar qazwin (4:70)
  10. 1. Ibn Abi Hatim, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (9:3138)
    2. Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (5:259,260; 22:17)
    3. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (3:496)
  11. Ibn Abi Hatim, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (9:3138)
  12. 1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (11:134#11275)
    2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (7:179#7212)
    3. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (4:104#4429)
    4. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (3:65)
    5. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:256#2301)
    6. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:273)
    Haythami declared the men who transmitted the tradition in al-Mujam-ul-awsat are sahih (sound).
  13. 1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:277#3094)
    2. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (1:596#1856)
    3. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (5:282#22490)
    4. Ruyani, al-Musnad (1:406#620)
    5. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (2:376#2274)
    6. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (7:10#6700)
    7. Tabarani, al-Mujam-us-saghir (2:121#890)
    8. Kanani, Misbah-uz-zujajah (2:96#664)
    9. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:255#2300)
    10. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (3:28#2947)
  14. 1. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (5:247#22183)
    2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (20:191#425)
    3. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:34)
    4. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (4:13#4588)
    5. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (1:61,89)
    6. Ajlawni, Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (1:177#465)
  15. 1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (8:205#7828)
    2. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (4:104#4430)
    3. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:273)
    4. Husayni, al-Bayan wat-tarif (2:132#1279)
  16. 1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (4:607#2411)
    2. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (4:245#4951)
    3. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (3:344#4365)
    4. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (5:65#7475)
    5. Zurqani, Sharh-ul-Muwatta (4:519)
    6. Qurtabi, al-Jami li-ahkam al-Quran (1:463)
    7. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (1:115)
    8. Dhahabi, Mizan-ul-itidal (1:161#125)
  17. Husayni, al-Bayan wat-tarif (1:245#645)
  18. 1. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:392#511)
    2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (8:175#8316)
    3. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:135)
    4. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:80)
  19. 1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (20:93#182)
    2. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:392#512,513)
    3. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:258#2312)
    4. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:73)
    5. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (3:408#5244)
    6. Hakeem Tirmidhi, Nawadir-ul-usul fi ahadith ar-rasul (4:106)
  20. 1. Abu Dawud, as-Sunan (4:264#4855)
    2. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:135)
    3. Mindhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:263#2332)
  21. 1. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (2:527#10837)
    2. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (2:515#10691)
    3. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (6:107#10236)
    4. Nasai, Amal-ul-yawm wal-laylah (1:311#403)
    5. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (1:668#1808)
    6. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:403#541)
    7. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (7:207)
    8. Ibn Hayyan, Tabaqat-ul-muhaddisin bi Asbahan (3:448)
  22. 1. Abu Dawud, as-Sunan (4:264#4856)
    2. Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (6:107#10237)
    3. Nasai, Amal-ul-yawm wal-laylah (1:311#404)
    4. Tabarani, Musnad-ush-shamiyyin (2:272#1324)
    5. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:404#544,545)
    6. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:135)
    7. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (1:237#900)
    8. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:262#2330)
  23. 1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:461#3380)
    2. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (2:453#9842)
    3. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (2:481#10249)
    4. Tabarani, Musnad-ush-shamiyyin (2:46#895)
    5. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (3:210#5563)
    6. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:80)
    7. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (3:513)
    8. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:135)
  24. 1. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (2:463#9966)
    2. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (2:352#591)
    3. Ibn Abi Asim, Kitab-uz-Zuhd (1:27)
    4. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:263#2331)
    5. Haythami, Mawarid-uz-zaman (1:577#2322)
    6. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:79)
  25. 1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:122#3744)
    2. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:401#533)
    3. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:263#2333)
  26. 1. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:396#522)
    2. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:254#2295)
    3. Ibn Qayyim, al-Wabil-ul-ayb (1:60)
    4. Manawi, Fayd-ul-qadir (2:511)
  27. 1. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:396#523)
    2. Ibn Qayyim, al-Wabil-ul-ayb (1:60)
  28. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (4:241)
  29. 1. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (7:86#6931)
    2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-us-saghir (2:172#974)
    3. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:414#575)
    4. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:278#2393)
  30. 1. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:459#717)
    2. Ajlawni, Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (1:505#1345)
  31. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (5:432,433#8652)
  32. 1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (4:607#2411)
    2. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (5:65#7475)
    3. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:135)
    4. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (3:344#4365)
    5. Zurqani, Sharh al-Muwatta (4:519)
    6. Qurtabi, al-Jami li-ahkam al-Quran (1:463)
    7. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (1:115)
  33. 1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (4:608#2412)
    2. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (2:557#3892)
    3. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (13:56#7132)
    4. Abd ibn Humayd, al-Musnad (1:448#1554)
    5. Qadai, Musnad-ush-shihab (1:202#305)
    6. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:393#514)
    7. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (3:345#4367)
    8. Ibn Abd-ul-Barr, at-Tamhid (22:20)
    9. Faqihy, Akhbar Makkah (3:329)
  34. Ajlawni, Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (1:505#1345)
  35. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (4:241)
  36. 1. Abu Dawud, as-Sunan (3:324#3667)
    2. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (6:119#3392)
    3. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (6:137#6022)
    4. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:409#561)
    5. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (1:178#668)
    6. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:105)
  37. 1. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (8:38)
    2. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (7:154#4126)
    3. Harith, al-Musnad (2:950#1048)
    4. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (8:79)
    5. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:409#560)
    6. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:410#562)
    7. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (3:81)
  38. 1. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:59#29464)
    2. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (7:170#35057)
    3. Dabbi, Kitab-ud-dua (1:268#91)
    4. Ibn Abi Asim, Kitab-uz-Zuhd (1:136)
    5. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (1:219)
    6. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:435#627)
    7. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:238)
    8. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:445)
    9. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:253#2293)
    10. Suyuti, ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir bil-mathur (1:362)
  39. 1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (4:712#2594)
    2. Ibn Abi Asim, as-Sunnah (2:400#833)
    3. Ibn Abi Asim, Kitab-uz-Zuhd (1:369)
    4. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (1:141#234)
    5. Bayhaqi, al-Itiqad (1:201)
    6. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:469,470#740)
    7. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (5:244#8084)
    8. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (4:130#5108)
    9. Ibn Hayyan, Tabaqat-ul-muhaddisin bi Asbahan (3:16#242)
  40. 1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (4:289#7668)
    2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (6:196#6171)
    3. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (4:113#5023)
  41. 1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (4:636#2457)
    2. Abd ibn Humayd, al-Musnad (1:89#170)
    3. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:394#517)
    4. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (5:272#8160)
    5. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (1:256)
    6. Maqdasi, al-Ahadith-ul-mukhtarah (3:389#1184)
    7. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:327#2577)
  42. 1. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (2:1437#4300)
    2. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (1:710#1937)
    3. Kanani, Juz-ul-bitaqah (1:34#2)
    4. Dhahabi, Mujam-ul-muhaddisin (1:48)
    5. Ibn Qayyim, Hashiyah ala Sunan Abu Dawud (13:70)
  43. 1. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (7:278#4301)
    2. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:403#540)
    3. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (2:379#3691)
    4. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:257#2307)
    5. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (7:149)
    6. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (4:586)
  44. 1. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (7:135#34774)
    2. Maqdasi, al-Ahadith-ul-mukhtarah (10:367#393)
    3. Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (4:576)
    4. Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (30:355)
    5. Manawi, Fayd-ul-Qadir (2:358)
    6. Asqalani, Fath-ul-bari (8:9)
  45. Hisan Hasin (p. 29)
  46. 1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (2:590#3991)
    2. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:459#676)
    3. Ibn Abd-ul-Barr, at-Tamhid (18:307,308)
    4. Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (30:355)
    5. Asqalani, Fath-ul-bari (8:741)
    6. Asqalani, Taghliq at-taliq (4:381)
  47. 1. Bukhari, as-Sahih (1:383#1091)
    2. Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1193#3096)
    3. Muslim, as-Sahih (1:538#776)
    4. Nasai, as-Sunan (3:203#1607)
    5. Abu Dawud, as-Sunan (2:32#1306)
    6. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (1:421#1329)
    7. Malik, al-Muwatta (1:176#424)
    8. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (2:243#7306)
    9. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (6:293#2553)
    10. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (11:167#6278)
  48. 1. Ibn Hayyan, al-Azmah (5:1683)
    2. Maqdasi, al-Ahadith-ul-mukhtarah (10:361#385)
    3. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (3:278)
  49. 1. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:391#508)
    2. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (11:84#11121)
    3. Abd ibn Humayd, al-Musnad (1:215#641)
    4. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:254#2297)
    5. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:74)
  50. 1. Muslim, as-Sahih (3:1594#2012)
    2. Ibn Majah, as-Sunan (2:1129#3410)
    3. Abu Yala, al-Musnad (4:178#2258)
    4. Abu Awanah, al-Musnad (5:142#8152)
    5. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (1:256#1143)
    6. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (5:127#6061)
  51. 1. Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:577#3596)
    2. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:390#506)
    3. Bukhari, at-Tarikh-ul-kabir (8:449#3651)
    4. Daylami, al-Firdaws bima thur al-khitab (2:309#3397)
    5. Hakeem Tirmidhi, Nawadir-ul-usul fi ahadith ar-rasul (4:106)
    6. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:443)
    7. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:256#2306)
    8. Suyuti, ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir bil-mathur (6:455)
  52. 1. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (10:75)
    2. Suyuti, ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir bil-mathur (6:455)
  53. 1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (1:522#1361)
    2. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:418#585)
    3. Manawi, Fayd-ul-qadir (1:457)
  54. 1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (2:375#3318)
    2. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (4:53#6836)
    3. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:418#584)
  55. 1. Abu Dawud, as-Sunan (3:201#3164)
    2. Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (4:31#6701)
    3. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (2:182#1743)
    4. Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (3:351)
    5. Zaylai, Nasb-ur-rayah (2:306)
    6. Andlusi, Tuhfat-ul-muhtaj (2:28#881)
    7. Shawkani, Nayl-ul-awtar (4:137)
    8. Mubarakpuri, Tuhfat-ul-ahwadhi (4:125,139)
  56. 1. Ahmad ibn Hambal, al-Musnad (4:159#17489)
    2. Ruyani, al-Musnad (1:170#210)
    3. Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (17:295#813)
    4. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:416#580)
    5. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:369)
    6. Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (11:52)
  57. 1. Muslim, as-Sahih (4:2062#2776)
    2. Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (3:140#858)
    3. Bayhaqi, Shuab-ul-iman (1:389#504)
    4. Ibn Rajab, Jami-ul-ulum wal-hikam (1:443)
    5. Mundhiri, at-Targhib wat-tarhib (2:256#2306)

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